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1A wise son hears his father's instruction,
but a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.
2From the fruit of his mouth a man eats what is good,
but the desire of the treacherous is for violence.
3Whoever guards his mouth preserves his life;
he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.
4The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing,
while the soul of the diligent is richly supplied.
5The righteous hates falsehood,
but the wicked brings shame11Or stench and disgrace.
6Righteousness guards him whose way is blameless,
but sin overthrows the wicked.
7One pretends to be rich, yet has nothing;
another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.
8The ransom of a man's life is his wealth,
but a poor man hears no threat.
9The light of the righteous rejoices,
but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.
10By insolence comes nothing but strife,
but with those who take advice is wisdom.
11Wealth gained hastily22Or by fraud will dwindle,
but whoever gathers little by little will increase it.
12Hope deferred makes the heart sick,
but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life.
13Whoever despises the word brings destruction on himself,
but he who reveres the commandment will be rewarded.
14The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,
that one may turn away from the snares of death.
15Good sense wins favor,
but the way of the treacherous is their ruin.33Probable reading (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate); Hebrew is rugged, or is an enduring rut
16In everything the prudent acts with knowledge,
but a fool flaunts his folly.
17A wicked messenger falls into trouble,
but a faithful envoy brings healing.
18Poverty and disgrace come to him who ignores instruction,
but whoever heeds reproof is honored.
19A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul,
but to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools.
20Whoever walks with the wise becomes wise,
but the companion of fools will suffer harm.
21Disaster44Or Evil pursues sinners,
but the righteous are rewarded with good.
22A good man leaves an inheritance to his children's children,
but the sinner's wealth is laid up for the righteous.
23The fallow ground of the poor would yield much food,
but it is swept away through injustice.
24Whoever spares the rod hates his son,
but he who loves him is diligent to discipline him.55Or who loves him disciplines him early
25The righteous has enough to satisfy his appetite,
but the belly of the wicked suffers want.


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Pr 13:1-25.

1. (Compare Pr 6:1-5; 10:1, 17).

2. shall eat—that is, obtain (Pr 12:14).

transgressors—as in Pr 2:22.

violence—or, "mischief" to themselves.

3. He … mouth … life—because evil speeches may provoke violence from others.

he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction—On last clause, compare Pr 10:14.

4. (Compare Pr 12:11, 27).

5. loathsome … shame—better, causeth shame and reproach (compare Pr 19:26), by slander, &c., which the righteous hates.

6. A sentiment of frequent recurrence, that piety benefits and sin injures.

7. In opposite ways men act hypocritically for gain of honor or wealth.

8. Riches save some from punishment, while others suffer because they will not heed the rebuke of sloth, which makes and keeps them poor.

9. light … lamp—prosperity; the first, the greater, and it

rejoiceth—burns brightly, or continues, while the other, at best small, soon fails.

10. The obstinacy which attends self-conceit, produces contention, which the well-advised, thus evincing modesty, avoid.

11. by vanity—or, "nothingness," that is, which is vain or useless to the public (as card playing or similar vices).

gathereth … labour—(Compare Margin), little by little, laboriously.

12. desire cometh—is realized.

a tree of life—or, "cause of happiness."

13. the word—that is, of advice, or, instruction (compare Pr 10:27; 11:31).

14. (Compare Pr 10:11).

fountain—or, "source of life."

to depart—(compare Pr 1:2-4), or, "for departing," &c., and so gives life.

15. Right perception and action secure good will, while evil ways are difficult as a stony road. The wicked left of God find punishment of sin in sinning.

hard—or, "harsh" (compare Hebrew: De 21:4; Jer 5:15).

16. dealeth—acts with foresight.

a fool … folly—for want of caution.

17. A wicked—or, "unfaithful"

messenger falleth into mischief—or, "by mischief," or "evil," and so his errand fails. Contrasted is the character of the faithful, whose faithfulness benefits others.

18. (Compare Pr 10:17; 12:1).

19. Self-denial, which fools will not endure, is essential to success.

20. The benefits of good and evil of bad society are contrasted.

21. (Compare Pr 11:31).

good … repaid—or, "He (God) will repay good."

22. wealth … just—While good men's estates remain in their families, God so orders that the gains of sinners enure to the just (compare Pr 28:8; Ps 37:18, 22, 26, &c.).

23. The laboring poor prosper more than those who injudiciously or wickedly strive, by fraud and violence, to supersede the necessity of lawful labor.

24. spareth—or, "withholds."

rod—of correction.

hateth—or, acts as if he hated him (compare Pr 3:12; 8:36).

chasteneth … betimes—or, "diligently seeks for him all useful discipline."

25. The comparative temporal prosperity of the righteous and wicked, rather than contentment and discontent, is noted.




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