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13

A wise child loves discipline,

but a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.

2

From the fruit of their words good persons eat good things,

but the desire of the treacherous is for wrongdoing.

3

Those who guard their mouths preserve their lives;

those who open wide their lips come to ruin.

4

The appetite of the lazy craves, and gets nothing,

while the appetite of the diligent is richly supplied.

5

The righteous hate falsehood,

but the wicked act shamefully and disgracefully.

6

Righteousness guards one whose way is upright,

but sin overthrows the wicked.

7

Some pretend to be rich, yet have nothing;

others pretend to be poor, yet have great wealth.

8

Wealth is a ransom for a person’s life,

but the poor get no threats.

9

The light of the righteous rejoices,

but the lamp of the wicked goes out.

10

By insolence the heedless make strife,

but wisdom is with those who take advice.

11

Wealth hastily gotten will dwindle,

but those who gather little by little will increase it.

12

Hope deferred makes the heart sick,

but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life.

13

Those who despise the word bring destruction on themselves,

but those who respect the commandment will be rewarded.

14

The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,

so that one may avoid the snares of death.

15

Good sense wins favor,

but the way of the faithless is their ruin.

16

The clever do all things intelligently,

but the fool displays folly.

17

A bad messenger brings trouble,

but a faithful envoy, healing.

18

Poverty and disgrace are for the one who ignores instruction,

but one who heeds reproof is honored.

19

A desire realized is sweet to the soul,

but to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools.

20

Whoever walks with the wise becomes wise,

but the companion of fools suffers harm.

21

Misfortune pursues sinners,

but prosperity rewards the righteous.

22

The good leave an inheritance to their children’s children,

but the sinner’s wealth is laid up for the righteous.

23

The field of the poor may yield much food,

but it is swept away through injustice.

24

Those who spare the rod hate their children,

but those who love them are diligent to discipline them.

25

The righteous have enough to satisfy their appetite,

but the belly of the wicked is empty.


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Pr 13:1-25.

1. (Compare Pr 6:1-5; 10:1, 17).

2. shall eat—that is, obtain (Pr 12:14).

transgressors—as in Pr 2:22.

violence—or, "mischief" to themselves.

3. He … mouth … life—because evil speeches may provoke violence from others.

he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction—On last clause, compare Pr 10:14.

4. (Compare Pr 12:11, 27).

5. loathsome … shame—better, causeth shame and reproach (compare Pr 19:26), by slander, &c., which the righteous hates.

6. A sentiment of frequent recurrence, that piety benefits and sin injures.

7. In opposite ways men act hypocritically for gain of honor or wealth.

8. Riches save some from punishment, while others suffer because they will not heed the rebuke of sloth, which makes and keeps them poor.

9. light … lamp—prosperity; the first, the greater, and it

rejoiceth—burns brightly, or continues, while the other, at best small, soon fails.

10. The obstinacy which attends self-conceit, produces contention, which the well-advised, thus evincing modesty, avoid.

11. by vanity—or, "nothingness," that is, which is vain or useless to the public (as card playing or similar vices).

gathereth … labour—(Compare Margin), little by little, laboriously.

12. desire cometh—is realized.

a tree of life—or, "cause of happiness."

13. the word—that is, of advice, or, instruction (compare Pr 10:27; 11:31).

14. (Compare Pr 10:11).

fountain—or, "source of life."

to depart—(compare Pr 1:2-4), or, "for departing," &c., and so gives life.

15. Right perception and action secure good will, while evil ways are difficult as a stony road. The wicked left of God find punishment of sin in sinning.

hard—or, "harsh" (compare Hebrew: De 21:4; Jer 5:15).

16. dealeth—acts with foresight.

a fool … folly—for want of caution.

17. A wicked—or, "unfaithful"

messenger falleth into mischief—or, "by mischief," or "evil," and so his errand fails. Contrasted is the character of the faithful, whose faithfulness benefits others.

18. (Compare Pr 10:17; 12:1).

19. Self-denial, which fools will not endure, is essential to success.

20. The benefits of good and evil of bad society are contrasted.

21. (Compare Pr 11:31).

good … repaid—or, "He (God) will repay good."

22. wealth … just—While good men's estates remain in their families, God so orders that the gains of sinners enure to the just (compare Pr 28:8; Ps 37:18, 22, 26, &c.).

23. The laboring poor prosper more than those who injudiciously or wickedly strive, by fraud and violence, to supersede the necessity of lawful labor.

24. spareth—or, "withholds."

rod—of correction.

hateth—or, acts as if he hated him (compare Pr 3:12; 8:36).

chasteneth … betimes—or, "diligently seeks for him all useful discipline."

25. The comparative temporal prosperity of the righteous and wicked, rather than contentment and discontent, is noted.




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