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Job Replies: There Is No Mediator


Then Job answered:


“Indeed I know that this is so;

but how can a mortal be just before God?


If one wished to contend with him,

one could not answer him once in a thousand.


He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength

—who has resisted him, and succeeded?—


he who removes mountains, and they do not know it,

when he overturns them in his anger;


who shakes the earth out of its place,

and its pillars tremble;


who commands the sun, and it does not rise;

who seals up the stars;


who alone stretched out the heavens

and trampled the waves of the Sea;


who made the Bear and Orion,

the Pleiades and the chambers of the south;


who does great things beyond understanding,

and marvelous things without number.


Look, he passes by me, and I do not see him;

he moves on, but I do not perceive him.


He snatches away; who can stop him?

Who will say to him, ‘What are you doing?’



“God will not turn back his anger;

the helpers of Rahab bowed beneath him.


How then can I answer him,

choosing my words with him?


Though I am innocent, I cannot answer him;

I must appeal for mercy to my accuser.


If I summoned him and he answered me,

I do not believe that he would listen to my voice.


For he crushes me with a tempest,

and multiplies my wounds without cause;


he will not let me get my breath,

but fills me with bitterness.


If it is a contest of strength, he is the strong one!

If it is a matter of justice, who can summon him?


Though I am innocent, my own mouth would condemn me;

though I am blameless, he would prove me perverse.


I am blameless; I do not know myself;

I loathe my life.


It is all one; therefore I say,

he destroys both the blameless and the wicked.


When disaster brings sudden death,

he mocks at the calamity of the innocent.


The earth is given into the hand of the wicked;

he covers the eyes of its judges—

if it is not he, who then is it?



“My days are swifter than a runner;

they flee away, they see no good.


They go by like skiffs of reed,

like an eagle swooping on the prey.


If I say, ‘I will forget my complaint;

I will put off my sad countenance and be of good cheer,’


I become afraid of all my suffering,

for I know you will not hold me innocent.


I shall be condemned;

why then do I labor in vain?


If I wash myself with soap

and cleanse my hands with lye,


yet you will plunge me into filth,

and my own clothes will abhor me.


For he is not a mortal, as I am, that I might answer him,

that we should come to trial together.


There is no umpire between us,

who might lay his hand on us both.


If he would take his rod away from me,

and not let dread of him terrify me,


then I would speak without fear of him,

for I know I am not what I am thought to be.


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Verses 1–13

In this answer Job declared that he did not doubt the justice of God, when he denied himself to be a hypocrite; for how should man be just with God? Before him he pleaded guilty of sins more than could be counted; and if God should contend with him in judgment, he could not justify one out of a thousand, of all the thoughts, words, and actions of his life; therefore he deserved worse than all his present sufferings. When Job mentions the wisdom and power of God, he forgets his complaints. We are unfit to judge of God's proceedings, because we know not what he does, or what he designs. God acts with power which no creature can resist. Those who think they have strength enough to help others, will not be able to help themselves against it.

Verses 14–21

Job is still righteous in his own eyes, ch. 32:1, and this answer, though it sets forth the power and majesty of God, implies that the question between the afflicted and the Lord of providence, is a question of might, and not of right; and we begin to discover the evil fruits of pride and of a self-righteous spirit. Job begins to manifest a disposition to condemn God, that he may justify himself, for which he is afterwards reproved. Still Job knew so much of himself, that he durst not stand a trial. If we say, We have no sin, we not only deceive ourselves, but we affront God; for we sin in saying so, and give the lie to the Scripture. But Job reflected on God's goodness and justice in saying his affliction was without cause.

Verses 22–24

Job touches briefly upon the main point now in dispute. His friends maintained that those who are righteous and good, always prosper in this world, and that none but the wicked are in misery and distress: he said, on the contrary, that it is a common thing for the wicked to prosper, and the righteous to be greatly afflicted. Yet there is too much passion in what Job here says, for God doth not afflict willingly. When the spirit is heated with dispute or with discontent, we have need to set a watch before our lips.

Verses 25–35

What little need have we of pastimes, and what great need to redeem time, when it runs on so fast towards eternity! How vain the enjoyments of time, which we may quite lose while yet time continues! The remembrance of having done our duty will be pleasing afterwards; so will not the remembrance of having got worldly wealth, when it is all lost and gone. Job's complaint of God, as one that could not be appeased and would not relent, was the language of his corruption. There is a Mediator, a Daysman, or Umpire, for us, even God's own beloved Son, who has purchased peace for us with the blood of his cross, who is able to save to the uttermost all who come unto God through him. If we trust in his name, our sins will be buried in the depths of the sea, we shall be washed from all our filthiness, and made whiter than snow, so that none can lay any thing to our charge. We shall be clothed with the robes of righteousness and salvation, adorned with the graces of the Holy Spirit, and presented faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy. May we learn the difference between justifying ourselves, and being thus justified by God himself. Let the tempest-tossed soul consider Job, and notice that others have passed this dreadful gulf; and though they found it hard to believe that God would hear or deliver them, yet he rebuked the storm, and brought them to the desired haven. Resist the devil; give not place to hard thoughts of God, or desperate conclusions about thyself. Come to Him who invites the weary and heavy laden; who promises in nowise to cast them out.