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Elihu Rebukes Job

33

“But now, hear my speech, O Job,

and listen to all my words.

2

See, I open my mouth;

the tongue in my mouth speaks.

3

My words declare the uprightness of my heart,

and what my lips know they speak sincerely.

4

The spirit of God has made me,

and the breath of the Almighty gives me life.

5

Answer me, if you can;

set your words in order before me; take your stand.

6

See, before God I am as you are;

I too was formed from a piece of clay.

7

No fear of me need terrify you;

my pressure will not be heavy on you.

 

8

“Surely, you have spoken in my hearing,

and I have heard the sound of your words.

9

You say, ‘I am clean, without transgression;

I am pure, and there is no iniquity in me.

10

Look, he finds occasions against me,

he counts me as his enemy;

11

he puts my feet in the stocks,

and watches all my paths.’

 

12

“But in this you are not right. I will answer you:

God is greater than any mortal.

13

Why do you contend against him,

saying, ‘He will answer none of my words’?

14

For God speaks in one way,

and in two, though people do not perceive it.

15

In a dream, in a vision of the night,

when deep sleep falls on mortals,

while they slumber on their beds,

16

then he opens their ears,

and terrifies them with warnings,

17

that he may turn them aside from their deeds,

and keep them from pride,

18

to spare their souls from the Pit,

their lives from traversing the River.

19

They are also chastened with pain upon their beds,

and with continual strife in their bones,

20

so that their lives loathe bread,

and their appetites dainty food.

21

Their flesh is so wasted away that it cannot be seen;

and their bones, once invisible, now stick out.

22

Their souls draw near the Pit,

and their lives to those who bring death.

23

Then, if there should be for one of them an angel,

a mediator, one of a thousand,

one who declares a person upright,

24

and he is gracious to that person, and says,

‘Deliver him from going down into the Pit;

I have found a ransom;

25

let his flesh become fresh with youth;

let him return to the days of his youthful vigor’;

26

then he prays to God, and is accepted by him,

he comes into his presence with joy,

and God repays him for his righteousness.

27

That person sings to others and says,

‘I sinned, and perverted what was right,

and it was not paid back to me.

28

He has redeemed my soul from going down to the Pit,

and my life shall see the light.’

 

29

“God indeed does all these things,

twice, three times, with mortals,

30

to bring back their souls from the Pit,

so that they may see the light of life.

31

Pay heed, Job, listen to me;

be silent, and I will speak.

32

If you have anything to say, answer me;

speak, for I desire to justify you.

33

If not, listen to me;

be silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”

 


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Verses 1–7

Job had desired a judge to decide his appeal. Elihu was one according to his wish, a man like himself. If we would rightly convince men, it must be by reason, not by terror; by fair argument, not by a heavy hand.

Verses 8–13

Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and goodness of God. When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. Job had represented God as severe in marking what he did amiss. Elihu urges that he had spoken wrong, and that he ought to humble himself before God, and by repentance to unsay it. God is not accountable to us. It is unreasonable for weak, sinful creatures, to strive with a God of infinite wisdom, power, and goodness. He acts with perfect justice, wisdom, and goodness, where we cannot perceive it.

Verses 14–18

God speaks to us by conscience, by providences, and by ministers; of all these Elihu discourses. There was not then, that we know of, any Divine revelation in writing, though now it is our principal guide. When God designs men's good, by the convictions and dictates of their own consciences, he opens the heart, as Lydia's, and opens the ears, so that conviction finds or forces its way in. The end and design of these admonitions are to keep men from sin, particularly the sin of pride. While sinners are pursuing evil purposes, and indulging their pride, their souls are hastening to destruction. That which turns men from sin, saves them from hell. What a mercy it is to be under the restraints of an awakened conscience!

Verses 19–28

Job complained of his diseases, and judged by them that God was angry with him; his friends did so too: but Elihu shows that God often afflicts the body for good to the soul. This thought will be of great use for our getting good from sickness, in and by which God speaks to men. Pain is the fruit of sin; yet, by the grace of God, the pain of the body is often made a means of good to the soul. When afflictions have done their work, they shall be removed. A ransom or propitiation is found. Jesus Christ is the Messenger and the Ransom, so Elihu calls him, as Job had called him his Redeemer, for he is both the Purchaser and the Price, the Priest and the sacrifice. So high was the value of souls, that nothing less would redeem them; and so great the hurt done by sin, that nothing less would atone for it, than the blood of the Son of God, who gave his life a ransom for many. A blessed change follows. Recovery from sickness is a mercy indeed, when it proceeds from the remission of sin. All that truly repent of their sins, shall find mercy with God. The works of darkness are unfruitful works; all the gains of sin will come far short of the damage. We must, with a broken and contrite heart, confess our sins to God, 1Jo 1:9. We must confess the fact of sin; and not try to justify or excuse ourselves. We must confess the fault of sin; I have perverted that which was right. We must confess the folly of sin; So foolish have I been and ignorant. Is there not good reason why we should make such a confession?

Verses 29–33

Elihu shows that God's great and gracious design toward the children of men, is, to save them from being for ever miserable, and to bring them to be for ever happy. By whatever means we are kept back from the we shall bless the Lord for them at least, and should bless him for them though they be painful and distressing. Those that perish for ever are without excuse, for they would not be healed.




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