H. W. Smyth

Greek Grammar Notes

Part 1 275-286

275 D. 1. Hom. has βασιλῆος, -ῆι, -ῆα, -εῦ, -ῆες, -εῦσι (and -ήεσσι), -ῆας. Also -έος, -έϊ, -έᾰ, from the stem εϜ = ευ̯. -εῦς and -εῖ for -έος and -έϊ are not common. Ἀτρεύς, Τῡδεύς have -έ(Ϝ)-ος etc. regularly (Τῡδῆ from Τῡδέα). Hdt. has -έος, -έϊ or -εῖ, -έᾰ, -εῦ, -έες, -έων, -εῦσι, -έᾰς.

2. Hom. has γρηῦς or γρηΰς, γρηΐ, γρηῦ and γρηΰ; the unattic βόεσσι (and βουσί), βόας (and βοῦς), βῶν acc. sing. Η 238. The Doric nom. sing. is βῶς, acc. pl. βῶς.

3. The declension of ναῦς in Doric, Homer, and Herodotus is as follows:

singular

plural

Doric Homer Hdt. Doric Homer Hdt.

Nom.

ναῦ-ς

νηῦ-ς

νηῦ-ς

νᾶ-ες

νῆ-ες,

νέ-ες

νέ-ες

Gen.

νᾱ-ός

νη-ός,

νε-ός

νᾱ-ῶν

νη-ῶν,

νε-ῶν

νε-ός

(and νη-ός?)

νε-ῶν

Dat.

νᾱ-ΐ

νη-ΐ

νη-ΐ

ναυ-σί(ν),

νηυ-σί(ν)

νά̄-εσσι(ν)

νή-εσσι(ν), νέ-εσσι(ν)

Acc.

ναῦ-ν

νῆ-α,

νέ-α

νᾶ-ας

νῆ-ας,

νέ-ας

νέ-α

νέ-ας

Hom. has ναυσί in ναυσικλυτός.

 

 

 

 

279 D. In Ionic the forms are contracted (πειθοῦς, etc.). Hdt. has acc. Ἰ̄οῦν from Ἰ̄ώ, Λητοῦν, but also πειθώ.

 

 

 

 

285 D. 27. Hom. has also υἱός, υἱοῦ, υἱόν, υἱέ, υἱῶν, υἱοῖσι; υἱέος, υἱέϊ, υἱέα, υἱέες and υἱεῖς, υἱέας.  υι sometimes makes a short syllable in υἱός, υἱόν, υἱέ (148 D. 3).