H. W. Smyth

Greek Grammar Notes

Part 2 228-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

230 D. 1. Gen. sing. -οιο, the original form, appears in Hom. πολέμοιο. By loss of ι (43) comes -οο, which is sometimes read in Hom. (Αἰόλοο for Αἰόλου κ 36).  By contraction of οο comes -ου found in Hom., Ionic, Milder Doric.  οο yields ω in Aeolic and Severer Doric (ἵππω).

2. Dual. οιιν in Hom. (ἵπποιιν).

3. Dat. pl. -οισι(ν) Hom., Aeolic, Ionic.

4. Acc. pl. -ους is from -ον-ς (found in Cretan), that is, the accus. sing. + ς. From -ονς comes -ως Severer Doric, -οις Aeolic, -ος Cretan and in Dor. poetry. -ους is Hom., Ionic, and Milder Doric.

 

 

 

 

235 D. Homeric and Ionic generally have the open forms. οἰνοχόος winepourer does not contract in Attic since it stands for οἰνοχοfος.

 

 

 

 

238 D. Hom. has νηός temple, λᾱός people, κάλος cable, λαγωός hare, γάλοως sister-in-law, Ἀθόως, Κόως; Hdt. has λεώς, λαγός, Κέος. Hom. and Hdt. have ἠώς, gen. ἠοῦς, dawn, whence Att. ἕως by 39.  Hom. has Πετεῶ-ο, the original form of the genitive, from Πετεώς.  νεώ is from νεωο out of νηοο.