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Christ (in collaboration with E. D. Burton; New York, 1892); Harmony of the Gospels for Historical Study (with the same collaborator, 1894); and Life of the Apostle Paul (Rochester, 1894).

STEVENS, WILLIAM BACON: Protestant Episcopal bishop of Pennsylvania; b. at Bath, Me., July 13, 1815; d. in Philadelphia, Pa., June 11, 1887. He attended Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., but was obliged, through failure of health, to give up his studies; he then spent two years in travel, and on his return graduated from Dartmouth, Hanover, N. H. (.'11.D., 1.837); he practised as a physician in Savannah, Ga., 1838-43; was ordained deacon 1843, and priest 1844; was historian of the State of Georgia, 1841; professor of belles-lettres and moral philosophy in the University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., 1844-48; became rector of St. Andrew's, Philadelphia, Pa., 1848; assistant bishop of Pennsylvania, 1862, and bishop 1865. He was in 1868 appointed by the presiding bishop to take charge of the American Episcopal churches on the continent of Europe, and held the position for six years. He edited with prefaces and notes the Georgia Historical Collections (vols. i. and ii., Savannah, 1841-42); and is the author of A History of Georgia from its First Discovery by Europeans to the Adoption of the Present Constitution, in 1798 (vol. i., New York, 1847; vol. ii., Philadelphia, 1859); The Parables of the New Testament Practically Unfolded (Philadelphia, 1855; memorial ed., 1887); Consolation; the Bow in the Cloud (1855); Sunday at Home: Manual of Home Service (1856); The Lord's Day, its Obligations and Blessings (1857); The Past and Present of St. Andrew's Church, Philadelphia (1858); Sabbaths of our Lord (1872); Sermons (New York, 1879); and many addresses, charges, essays, and occasional sermons.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: The memorial ed. of the Parables (ut sup.) contains a sketch of the life. Consult further W. S. Perry, The Episcopate in America, pp. 151-153, New York, 1895.

STEVENSON, JAMES HENRY: Methodist Episcopal, orientalist; b. at Peterborough, Ontario, Apr. 16, 1860. He was educated at McGill University (A.B., 1889) and at the Wesleyan Theological College at Montreal, Canada (graduated, 1891). He was a teacher in the public schools of Ontario (18791881); pastor in Islington, near Toronto (1890-91); and later spent three years (1896, 1899, 1902) in the British Museum copying Assyrian contract tablets, while during 1900 he was a student in Berlin. He has been professor of Hebrew at Vanderbilt University since 1892. Besides being associate editor, with H. C. Tolman, of the Vanderbilt Oriental Series, he has written Herodotus and the Empires of the East (with Tolman; New York, 1898); and Babylonian and Assyrian Contracts, with Aramaic Reference-Notes (1902).

STEVENSON, JOSEPH ROSS: Presbyterian; b. at Ligonier, Pa., Mar. 1, 1866. He was graduated from Washington and Jefferson College (1886) and McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, Ill. (1889). He studied for a year at the University of Berlin, then was pastor of the Broadway Presbyterian Church, Sedalia, Mo. (1890-94) ; became professor of church history in McCormick Theological

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Seminary (1894); pastor of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church, New York (1902-09); and of the Brown Memorial Church, Baltimore, since 1909.

STEVENSON, WILLIAM FLEMING: Irish Presbyterian pastor and organizer of mission work; b. in Strabane (65 m. w.n.w. of Belfast), Ireland, Sept. 20, 1832; d. at Rathgar, Dublin, Ireland, Sept. 16, 1886. He was of that Ulster Presbyterian stock which has given a special character to the northern province of Ireland. He was graduated from the University of Glasgow (M.A., 1.851), and finished his theological studies in Scotland and Germany. Occasional passages in his writing:; show that while interested in the speculative and critical sides of German theology, it was the warm, spiritual, Christian life of Germany, as displayed in German hymns and missions, which attracted hira most. In 1856 he was licensed to preach by the Presbytery of Strabane, became town missionary, and worked in the fever-stricken lanes of the poor part of Belfast. In 1860 he accepted the call of the newly organized Rathgar-road Presbyterian Church, situated in a suburb of Dublin. Stevenson was the` first minister of this church, and it was his first and only regular charge. Literary work occupied much of his attention. His Praying and Working (London, 1862; new ed., 1886) is of interest to the student of social problems, as well as to the friends of missions. Lives and Deeds worth Knowing (New York, 1870), composed of collected articles, and published without authority, is not less interesting. Hymns for Church and Home (London, :L873) has a scholarly accuracy and thoroughness which make it very valuable to hymnologists.

In 1871 Stevenson was called to the work which, in some sense, was the most important of his life, becoming coadjutor with James Morgan, the convener of the Assembly's Foreign Mission; and .in 1873 he became sole convener, while retaining the pastorate of his church. Successful as a preacher and a pastor, he seemed even. better fitted for this new work, which he assumed with great diffidence, and in its interest he undertook extensive journeys. In 1881 he was unanimously chosen moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. As a pulpit orator, Stevenson belonged to the first rank.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: His Life oral Letters was issued by his wife, London, 1888, and a sketch is given also in the 1886 edi-

tion of Praying and Working, at sup. Consult further DNB, liv. 257-258. STEWARD. See METRODIE:TS, L, § 8.

STEWART, ALEXANDER: Church of Scotland; b. at Liverpool Jan. 27, 184'7. He was educated at Queen's College, Liverpool (1862-64), United College (1864-68), and St. Miry's College, St. Andrews (1868-71), and at the universities of Heidelberg and Leipsic (1869-70). After being minister at Mains and Strathmartine, near Dundee, from 1873 to 1887, he was appointed professor of systematic theology at the University of Aberdeen in 1887, and principal and prixr.arius professor of divinity at St. Mary's CollegE:, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, in 1894, which position he still holds. He was Croall lecturer in 1902. In theological posi-