ology. In 1632 Frederick Henry appointed Rivet tutor of his son, later William II., while the university made him honorary professor. In 1641 he attended the prince on his visit to England, and in 1646 was appointed curator of the educational institution in Breda, where he passed the remainder of his life.A rigid Calvinist and an uncompromising enemy of the Roman Catholic Church, Rivet was in his day the most influential member of the theological faculty of Leyden; and together with his colleagues he drew up, in 1625, the Synopsis purioris theologize, which discussed the entire field of Reformed dog matics in fifty-two disputations. At Leyden Rivet labored also in Old-Testament exegesis. His nu merous writings are divided among the provinces of polemics, exegesis, dogmatics, and edification. They were collected in three volumes (Rotterdam, 1651-53), the most important being the Isagoge ad scripturam saeram Veteris et Novi Testamenti (Dort, 1616). (S. D. vAN VEEN.) BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Meulsius, Athena Batavep, pp. 315 sqq.,
Leyden, 1625; Les Dernihres Heures de M. Rivet, Delft, 1651, Eng. transl., The Last Houers of . . Andrew Rivet, The Hague, 1652; B. Clasius, Godgeleerd Nederland, iii. 180-186, 's Hertogenbosch, 1851-56; E. and E. Haag, La France protestante, ed. H. L. Bordier, viii. 444-449, Paris, 1877 sqq.; Lichtenberger, ESR, mi. 238-241.
RIVIUS, riv'1-us, JOHANNES: German humanist and theologian; b. at Attendorn (42 m. n.e. of Cologne) Aug. 1, 1500; d. at Meissen (15 m. n.w. of Dresden) Jan. 1, 1553. In 1516 he entered the University of Cologne, and later, after studying manuscripts in Rhenish monasteries, went to Leipsic, where he found friendly reception with Kaspar Borner. After teaching at Zwickau for a short time, he went to Annaberg, Marienberg, and Schneeberg, and in 1537 was called to Freiberg as director of the Latin school and tutor to Duke August. With the latter, in 1540, he visited the University of Leipsic, and he also accompanied his pupil to Dresden after the death of Duke Henry. In the latter city Rivius was employed in church and school administration, and when Duke Maurice departed for the Turkish war in 1542, he was made a member of the bureau of spiritual affairs. In 1544 he was appointed inspector of schools at Meissen, where he evinced excellent administrative gifts. In 1545 he was made assessor in the newly established consistory of Meissen, and occupied this position until his death.
The literary activity of Rivius was directed primarily to the humanistic sphere. Here belong collections of notes on Terence, Cicero, and Sallust, and an edition of the last-named, as well as the long popular De its disc£plinis quce de sermone agunt, ut sunt grammatiea, dialectica, rhetorica libri duodeviginti (Leipsic, 1539). Far more important, however, were his theological writings, in which the elegant diction, Biblical and ecclesiastical learning, and hilosophic training make him appear a pupil of Erasmus. He was sometimes regarded with suspicion by Luther. His polemic writings in behalf of the new doctrines show an honorable and exact mode of discussion of the problems involved, and he did not hesitate to quote from his opponents in the course of his arguments. To this class of works belong his De instaurata et renovata doctrina eccle-
of Johann Busch (1621); an edition of the " Imitar tion of Christ " (1617); and one of the Vitce patrum (1615). His faithfulness to duty was no less admirable than his scholarly activity, and his last illness was due to disease contracted at the bedside of the dying.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: ASB, Jan., i., preface, § 6, and Mar., i., preface to the life of J. Bolland, § 4; [V. de Buck], in Analectes pour eervir h l'histoire eccusiastique de la Belgique, v (1868), 261-270; %L, x. 1314-15; Lichtenberger, ESR, xi. 301-302.