KIRKLAND, SAMUEL: American missionary
to the Iroquois Indians; b. at Norwich, Conn., Dec.
1, 1741; d. at Clinton, N. Y., Feb. 28, 1808. He
was graduated at the College of New Jersey (Princeton)
in 1765, and on his return from a visit to the
Senecas in 1766 was ordained into the Congregational
ministry and sent as missionary to the Six
Nations. During the Revolution he served as a
chaplain in the army. For persuading the Oneidas
and Tuscaroras to remain neutral he was rewarded
by Congress with a large grant of land in 1785.
At the close of the war he resumed his missionary
work. In 1791 he conducted a delegation of some
forty warriors to Philadelphia to meet Congress
and discuss methods of introducing civilization
among the tribes; and in 1793 he founded the Hamilton
Oneida Academy (now Hamilton College)
for the education of American and Indian youth.
S. K. Lothrop, in J. Spark, Library of
American Biography, 10 vols., New York, 1848-51; W.
B. Sprague, Annals of the American Pulpit, i. 623-630, ib. 1869.
KIRKPATRICK, ALEXANDER FRANCIS: Church
of England; b. at Lewes (50 m. s. of London),
Sussex, June 25, 1849. He studied at Trinity
College, Cambridge (B.A., 1871), where he was
elected fellow in 1871. He was ordered deacon in
1874 and ordained priest in 1875. He was assistant
tutor in Trinity College 1871-82 and junior proctor
1881-82, and from the latter year until 1903
was regius professor of Hebrew and canon of Ely.
Since 1903 he has been Lady Margaret professor of
divinity and honorary canon of Ely. He was university
preacher in 1875 1878, 1882, 1889, 1897,
and 1903, Cambridge Whitehall preacher in 1878-1880,
Lady Margaret preacher in 1882 and 1893,
and Warburtonian lecturer at Lincoln's Inn in 1886-1890.
He was examining chaplain to the bishop
of Winchester 1878-90, the bishop of Rochester
1891-95, and again to the bishop of Winchester
1895-1903, and since 1903 has been examining
chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury. He has
also been master of Selwyn College, Cambridge,
since 1898, and besides being the general editor of the
Old Testament and Apocrypha for the Cambridge
Bible for Schools and Colleges, for which series he
has prepared the volumes on I and II Samuel (2
vols., London, 1880-81) and the Psalms (3 vols.,
1890-1901), has written The Divine Library of the
Old Testament (1891) and The Doctrine of the
Prophets (Warburtonian lectures; 1892).
KIRKUS, WILLIAM: Protestant Episcopalian;
b. at Hull, England, May 9, 1830; d. in Brooklyn,
July 10, 1907. He was educated at Lancashire
Independent College, Manchester, and at the
University of London (B.A., 1849). He then
entered the Congregational ministry, and was
assistant minister of Craven Chapel, . London,
1850-52, minister of St. Thomas Square Chapel,
Hackney, London, 1852-68, and of Longsight
Chapel, Manchester, 1868-70. From 1870 until
1872 he was headmaster of Broughton High
School, Manchester. In 1872 he was admitted to
deacon's orders in the Church of England and
became curate at Cheatham Hill, Manchester.
In the same year he came to the United States, and,
being ordained to the priesthood, was curate of
Grace Church, New York City, from 1873 to 1875.
He was then rector of Christ Church, Baltimore,
Md., 1875-76, and rector of St. Michael and All
Angels in the same city 1876-92. In 1892 he retired
from active parochial work to devote himself
to literature. Besides editing The American Literary
Churchman (Baltimore) from 1881 to 1885 and
writing two novels under the pseudonym of Florence
Williamson, he published Christianity, Theoretical
arid Practical (London, 1854); Miscellaneous Essays
(2 vols., 1833-69); Orthodoxy, Scripture, and
Reason (1865); and Religion, a Revelation and
Rule of Life (New York, 1886).