KEIMANN, kai'mdn (KEYMANN), CHRISTIAN: Saxon educator and hymn-writer; b. at Pankraz, near Gabel (50 m. n.n.e. of Prague), Bohemia, Feb. 27, 1607; d. at Zittau (50 m. e.s.e. of Dresden), Saxony, Jan. 13, 1662. He attended the gymnasium at Zittau and the University of Wittenberg (M.A., 1634), became associate rector of the gymnasium at Zittau in 1634 and was rector from 1639 till his death. His Easter hymn, Meinen Jesum lass ich nicht ("My Savior will I not forsake") has been extremely popular. Also the Christmas hymn, Freude, Freude über Freude ("O joy all joys excelling"), the Advent hymn, Hosianna, Davids Sohn ("Hosannah to the Son of David"), and the Passion hymn, Sei gegrüsset, Jesu gütig ("Hail to the Savior benign"), a paraphrase of Salve, Jesu, summe bonus by Bernard of Clairvaux, found much acceptance. On July 31, 1651, he was crowned imperial poet-laureate. He was also active as a pedagogical author. Religious education was fostered by his Mnemosyne sacra (Görlitz, 1646), and Micae evangelicae (Zittau, 1655); also by the collection of proverbs originally issued, by Gerlach, Sententiarum sacrarum centuriae duae (Dresden, 1635). Of wide use in linguistic instruction were his Tabulae declinationum (Leipsic, 1649), and the Enchiridion grammaticum Latinum (Jena, 1649), and his books on his logic, rhetoric, and arithmetic were issued repeatedly. He also wrote a number of school dramas.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: An early life is by C. Weis, Memoria C. Keimanni, Zittau 1689; the modern one by H. J. Kömmel, Christian Keimann, ib. 1856; idem, in ADB, xv. 535-536. Consult further: O. E. Koch, Geschichte des Kirchenlieds, Stuttgart, 1867; A. F. W. Fischer, Kirchen, liederlexikon, i. 195, 312, ii. 52, 248, 282, 449, Gotha, 1878-79; Julian, Hymnology, pp. 613-614. A large literature is indicated in Hauck-Herzog, RE, x. 202.
KEITH, kîth, ALEXANDER: Clergyman of the Free Church of Scotland; b. at Keith Hall (11 m; n.w. of Aberdeen), Aberdeenshire, Nov. 30, 1791, d. at Buxton (160 m. n.w. of London), Derbyshire, Feb. 8, 1880. He studied at the Marischal College and University of Aberdeen (B.A., 1809; D.D., 1833), was licensed to preach in 1813, and was presented the same year to St. Cyrus, Kincardineshire, which he resigned in 1840 on account of ill health. In 1839 he visited Palestine as a member of a commission sent out by the Church of Scotland to inquire into the condition of the Jews, preparatory to the establishment of a mission among them. At the disruption of 1843 he joined the Free Church. He was the author of several works on prophecy, the best known being Evidence of the Truth of the Christian Religion, Derived from the Literal Fulfilment of Prophecy (Edinburgh, 1828; 40th ed., London, 1873). Other works are: The Signs of the Times (2 vols., Edinburgh, 1832); Demonstration of the Truth of Christianity (1838); The Harmony of Prophecy (1851); and The History and Destiny of the World (London, 1861).
BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Black, Jewish Missionary Travels to the Jews, pp. 3 sqq., Newcastle, 1841; Hew Scott, Fasti ecclesiae Scoticanae, iii., 2, pp, 885, 881, London, 1871; DNB, xxx. 315-316.
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