CARY, ALICE: Poet and hymn-writer; b. on a farm 8 m. n. of Cincinnati Apr. 26, 1820; d. in New York Feb. 12, 1871. Her name is inseparably connected with that of her sister, Phoebe, b. Sept. 4, 1824; d. at Newport, R. I., July 31, 1871. Both began to write verses early and published jointly a volume of Poems in 1850. In 1850-51 they removed to New York, where they supported themselves by literary work and gathered a wide circle of friends. Alice was the more productive writer and published stories and novels as well as poems. Ballads, Lyrics, and Hymns (Boston, 1865) is her most important volume of verse. Phoebe published independently Poems and Parodies (1854) and Poems of Faith, Hope, and Love (1868); with Dr. Charles F. Deems she compiled Hymns for all Christians (1869). The poems of both sisters are collected in the "Household Edition" (Boston, 1882) and Early and Late Poems (1887). The most familiar of their hymns is Phoebe's "One sweetly solemn thought comes to me o'er and o'er."
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Mary Clemmer Ames, Memorial of Alice and Phoebe Cary, New York, 1872; S. W. Duffield, English Hymns, pp. 447-449, ib. 1886; Julian, Hymnology, p. 214.
CARY, GEORGE LOVELL: Unitarian; b. at Medway, Mass., May 10, 1830. He was educated at Harvard College (B.A., 1852), and was acting professor of Greek in Antioch College, Yellow Springs, O., in 1856-57, being appointed full professor of Greek and Latin in the following year and serving in this capacity until 1862. In the latter year he was made professor of New Testament language and literature in Meadville Theological School, where he remained until 1902, when he became professor emeritus. He was also acting president of the institution in 1890-91 and president in 1891-1902. His theological position is, in general, that of modern Unitarianism. He has written: An Introduction to the Greek of the New Testament (Andover, Mass., 1878) and The Synoptic Gospels, Together with a Chapter on the Text-Criticism of the New Testament (New York, 1900).
CARY, HENRY FRANCIS: Translator of Dante; b. at Gibraltar Dec. 6, 1772; d. in London Aug. 14, 1844. He studied at Christ Church, Oxford (M.A., 1796), took orders, and became vicar of Abbot's Bromley, Staffordshire. In 1800 he removed to Kingsbury, Warwickshire, and after 1807 lived in London. He was assistant keeper of printed books in the British Museum, 1826-37. His translation of Dante was begun in May, 1800, and finished twelve years later; the Inferno was published in 1805 and the completed work in 1814. It attracted little attention at first, but was commended by Coleridge in his lectures in 1818, and Southey afterward pronounced it "one of the most masterly productions in modern times." Four editions were issued during Cary's life, and it still remains the standard translation in English blank verse.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Henry Cary, Memoir of Rev. H. F. Cary, 2 vols., London, 1847; DNB, ix- 242-244.
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