BETHUNE, be-thün', GEORGE WASHINGTON: Reformed (Dutch) clergyman; b. in Greenwich, now a part of New York City, Mar. 18, 1805; d. at Florence, Italy, Apr. 27, 1862. He was graduated at Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pa., 1823; studied at Princeton Seminary 1823-25; served for a year as missionary among the negroes and sailors at Savannah, Ga.; was ordained Nov., 1827, and was pastor of Reformed (Dutch) churches at Rhinebeck (1827-30) and Utica (1830-34), N. Y., Philadelphia (First Church, 1834-37; Third Church, 1837-49), and Brooklyn (1851-59); was associate minister at the Twenty-first Street Church, New York, 1859-61. He was famed as a preacher and orator, as a poet, and as a wit. Of his numerous publications, perhaps that of most permanent value was his edition of Walton's Complete Angler (New York, 1847; new ed., 2 vols., 1880).
BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. R. Van Nest, Memoirs of Rev. George W. Bethune, 2 vols.; New York, 1880.
BETHUNE-BAKER, JAMES FRANKLIN: Church
of England; b. at Birmingham Aug. 23, 1861. He
was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge (B.A.,
1884), and was head master's assistant at King
Edward's School, Birmingham, and assistant curate
of St. George's, Edgbaston, from 1888 to 1890. In
the following year he was elected fellow and dean
of Pembroke College, and since 1905 has also been
examining chaplain to the bishop of Rochester.
He has been the editor of the Journal of Theological
Studies since 1903, and has written The Influence
of Christianity on War (Cambridge, 1888); The
Sternness of Christ's Teaching (1889); The Meaning
of Homoousios in the Constantinopolitan Creed (1901);
An Introduction to the Early History of Christian Doctrine
(London, 1903); and Christian Doctrines and their Ethical Significance (1905).
BETKIUS, bêt'kî-üs (BETKE), JOACHIM: Lutheran preacher and forerunner of the Pietistic movement; b. at Berlin Oct. 8, 1601; d. at Linum, near Fehrbellin (33 m. n.w. of Berlin), Dec. 12, 1663. After finishing his course at Wittenberg, he became associate rector at Ruppin, then was for more than thirty years pastor at Linum. He wrote several theological and devotional works, by the reading of which Spener said he had profited. They contain edifying exhortations against forgetting the need of sanctification in addition to justification, but are marred by intemperate fanaticism; Betkius holds the clergy responsible for all the anti-Christian phenomena of his time, and for the divine judgments of the Thirty Years' war.
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