Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

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In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

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The First Fruit of The Womb

Brother John,

That is a good question!

The First Born on the father's side, if the question is about who receive The Blessing from their father, are considered the one who is passing on the family name and wealth to the father's first born son.

But your question brings up another point, which is the real question; Who is The First Born that G-d is referring to?

The technical position that G-d is pointing to is The Womb. The First Born male(son) of the female(mother) is what G-d is pointing out here.

This information is taken from The Exodus from Egypt story about The First Born Sons.

G-d spared all of The First Born males of The Hebrews who followed G-d instruction in Egypt. Those who had roast lamb on that night of The Death Angel and placed The Blood of The Lamb as the sign over the doorway and posts to their home's entry were saved from death.

This Redemption is speaking and pointing to The Exodus and The Golden Calf that was molded and worshiped by The Hebrews on their way to Canaan, The Promised Land.

When Moses was on The Mountain of G-d in The Land of Midian in Northwestern Saudi Arabia, the only Hebrew Sons who didn't worship The Golden Calf were The Sons of Levi.

The Hebrews were to remember when they were in Egypt and what G-d had done in Saving their First born Sons from The Death Angel. G-d was now requiring The Hebrews to Redeem their First born Sons, because of the sins of their fathers, while in The Land of Midian.

By Redeeming their First born Sons back from G-d with a price, The Hebrews would then remember the sins of their fathers each time the next generation of First born Sons were born. This remembrance was to help them understand what G-d had done for them in the past and would also help them each year as The Day of Atonement would come up in the future and they would make sure their sin against G-d and unto their neighbors was Confessed and restitution was made.

This story of Redemption has many different angles of view within The Hebrew context and its customs and understanding of the different things that G-d has set up so they would remember Him.

Yet, the heart of man fails to remember the past and so each generation fails to point the next in the right direction, which is towards G-d's Way of living our life for Him.