Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

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In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

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Nehemiah 10:34, The Wood Offerings

In our next verse from Nehemiah 10 we will read about The Wood Offering being referenced to which had been neglected by The Jewish Community in their donations(giving) unto The L-rd their G-d and the up-keep within The House of G-d.

The first part of the verse we read about the casting of lots. This was a common way of not being particular in who is bring The Wood Offering. This was a way of not allowing the neglect of the past to continue. The days were identified for each person and the amount in quantity of firewood being donated by lot.

Some here in The Study may have a question about this way of decision making by The Jews, and think it was some form of gambling. But it is found through the Bible as a way of solving problem that G-d has His Hand upon.

The actual understanding her is about Sortition, known as an allotment or the drawing of lots. This is more of a democratic style of decision making without actually showing favoritism to one individual over another by random selection but by allow G-d to be The Identifier with His Choice. This method is still used today in Western legal systems. I'm just giving you the background so we can see what is the meaning behind the words being used with the term Lots Being Cast.

Let us now read the next verse from Nehemiah 10:34, from The King James Bible,

V34 And we cast the lots among the Priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring [it] into the House of our G-d, after the Houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn upon the altar of the L-RD our G-d, as [it is] written in the law:

And from Nehemiah 10:35, from The Jewish Study Bible, The Tanakh

V35 We have cast lots [among] the Priests, the Levites, and the people, to bring the wood offering, to the House of our G-d, by clans annually at set times in order to provide fuel for the altar of the L-RD our G-d, as is written in the Teaching.

This method of giving to The Temple by lots is an individual allotment not uncommon even today with our giving methods to our Church, Synagogue or Religious Group that we may desire to give offerings to.

The Wood Offering was used as fuel(firewood) for The Altar and The Continual Burnt Offering being made by The Priests on the established days set forth in The Teachings(The Laws of Moses), from Leviticus 6:2-23. This was to establish a guarantee of what is found in verse 6, from The Jewish Study Bible,

V6 Fire shall be kept burning upon the altar continually; it shall not go out.

This requirement was from G-d was first established by Moses, and Ezra was the one who re-established this provision for The Alter of G-d. Nehemiah is now establishing a guarantee to insure that the fire will now be continual.

Everyone in The Community of Jews were responsible for the keeping of The Fire on The Altar of The L-rd our G-d. That is The Kohanim, The Levites and The People. All of these were to give Offerings of Fire Wood for G-d's Altar.

According to Jewish Scholar, Rashi, times appointed... in our verse from The KJV Bible or from The JPS Bible, is referring to the supply being enough to last until the next day, when the next family brought in their donation. This is also discussed in Jewish Commentary, The Talmud, Taanis 26a, for those who desire to know more of background.

According to Jewish History during this early Second Temple Period, and The Commentary about ... Yearly... is found in Taanis 28a. ...At the first ascension to The Ofel, where The Temple of The L-rd our G-d is located, ...The Sons of Aaron on this date could not find any firewood in the wood chamber. The Families arose and volunteered their own firewood... ...In recognition of their generosity, The Prophets among them stipulated that these families would be privileged to bring their donation, even if the wood chamber was full of firewood for The Alter...

In Leviticus 1:7-9 we find the information: It is written in The Torah; ...Let The Sons of Aaron place fire on The Altar and arrange wood on the fire... ...then let the Sons of Aaron, The Kohanim, arrange the pieces of The Burnt Sacrifice on the wood which is on the fire... ...A Sweet Aroma unto The L-rd...

The Burnt Sacrifice was the most common of The Sacrifices of The Jews and it included bulls, red heifers, sheep, goats, pigeons and turtle-doves. All of the animals was burnt, except the hide to make Atonement for the person bringing the Sacrifice.

The Sacrifice did not remove the sin from the person, but allowed them to approach G-d's by Grace. The Sacrifice only pointed out that they were doing what G-d had said to do. They were fulfilling what G-d had required of them, and in so doing the Sacrifice, it made Spiritual Fellowship available with YHVH. The possibility to those who had inclined their hearts unto G-d's Ways with their Confession with their mouth was now open and Fellowship with G-d was available to them.

This Sacrifice was a foreshadowing of The Future Coming of G-d's Lamb, and what He would do in The Redemption by drawing The Remnant of Israel into His Heavenly Kingdom that would be Eternal.