Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

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In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

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Nehemiah 10:33, The Continual Offerings In The Temple

This next verse is about the Offerings that are made each day in The Temple at Jerusalem by The Priests, The Kohanim.

In this next verse we will be reading about The Show Bread or in Hebrew, Lechem Ha'Panim, לחם פנים lechem (hap)pānīm‎. Josephus, a Jewish Historian says; The Show Bread consisted of unleavened cakes that were baked on the Friday before The Sabbath.

The King James Bible uses shewbread, so we can see some of the same intention presented with the older style of English coming through. This portion of The Scripture from verse 33, is speaking about The Temple Offerings, which were given daily or continually, even on The Sabbath.

The Continual Offerings were done as The Hebrew Community was Worshiping together with The Sacrifice Offerings twice a day, Morning and Afternoon.

The Libation, or pouring out, is used here in The Hebrew text, which accompanied The Continual Offering. This meaning is an indication of how it is to be accomplished. The Jewish Commentary, The Talmud, points out that two lambs were offer each day, one at each Offering in The Temple. Along with the lambs a Minchah Offering was poured out, and consisting of wine. So, with the Meal Offering and The Libation of Wine The Offering is called together, The Libation Meal Offering.

When The Hebrew Community was together in Worship and Sacrifice, The Sabbath Day Offering contained an additional Sacrifice called The Mussaf. The Musaf service is a part of The Communal Prayers. The Communal Prayers were read only during Worship with The Community together on The Sabbaths.

The Mussaf or The Musaf Offering today is set aside for Prayers on The Sabbath during The Morning Offerings, and three Hebrew Holidays and also include New Moon, New-Year, and The Day of Atonement Offerings as well.

Prayer is a special time for all to gather and read and also say your own personal statement unto G-d for His Provision in our lives. It is by our lips that we praise G-d and ask forgiveness of our sins.


Lets read the next verse from Nehemiah 10:33, from The King James Bible,

V33 For the shewbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy [things], and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and [for] all the work of The House of our G-d.

And again from Nechemiah 10:34, from ArtScroll Tanach Series, Mesorah Publications Ltd. Brooklyn,

V34 For the arranged bread, the meal-offering of the continual-offering, the continual burnt-offering, the Sabbaths, New Moons and festivals, the holy things, the sin-offerings to atone for Israel, and all the work of our G-d's Temple.

As we read the words we see an outline of things of importance for The Continual Offering.

The Arranged Bread or The Show Bread is first mentioned in our verse, 33, KJV or 34 The Mesorah. The Kohanim(The Priests) would place The Show Bread on The Table within The Temple and is left there for that week, until the following Sabbath Day.

The Show Bread consists of 12 Loaves and is arranged by The Priests into two rows on The Table within The Temple. The Show Bread is a u-shaped loaf and when placed on The Table within The Temple which produces faces. The loaves were free standing on The Table.

The next part of the verse that is spoken about is The Meal Offerings. The Meal Offering consisted of fine flour, olive oil, salt and frankincense. Leviticus 2:1-16 is The Scripture reference that covers The Meal Offering referring here in Nehemiah 10:33.

A handful of The Offering was to be burnt on The Alter, two times each day. A copper vessel is used for preparing The Meal Offering by The Priests. This Meal Offering was to Symbolize the giving of one's self in consecration of doing what G-d requires of us to do daily for Him.

From a Christian understanding, The Meal Offering is a foreshadow of The Christian giving of him/her self daily to G-d in consecration to Him through Yeshua(Jesus) The Christ. Of course Jesus was Not burned but He willing gave of Himself out of Love for His Created Creature, man/woman. from Romans 12:1 and Hebrews 13:15-16.

The next point I want to make from or verse is: What was The Continual Offering? According to Jewish Scholar Ralbag this reference is the burnt incense which was burnt on The Golden Altar. Reference taken from Exodus Chapter 30.

And The Holy Things is referencing: 1. The Special Sheep Offered is a Community Peace Offering. 2. The two Breads Offered on The Festival of Shavuos, from Leviticus 23:17. 3. The Omer Offering, on the second day of Passover, from Leviticus 23:11.

The last part of the verse contains:

...And all the works of our G-d's Temple(The House of G-d)...

This last part of our verse is referring to all the many supplies that The Temple need to accomplish The Offerings that are observed at The Temple and include the building repairs, the olive oil, the flower, the wine and the red cow. from Numbers Chapter 19.