Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

beemanlee's picture

In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

beemanlee's picture

Good Point, Why Are The Two Lists Different

Brother Collin,

One of the difference between the two lists is probably a difference because of time and authors.

Ezra is the Author of 1 Chronicles while Nehemiah is the Author of The Book by his name that we are now reading.

There is always some difference in the way The People are spoke of by The two different Authors. Because of this difference in the categories that they were identify with, as The People or The Leadership.

By rights they should both line up, but sometimes that is not how they were listed. This is ever so true with the different jobs with in The Temple and by The Levites and other Temple Workers like you mentioned The Singers, The Musicians, The Gate Keepers and others.

One reason that comes to mind is the way this document, a part of The Scroll in Nehemiah is rolled up.

It was a custom for The Kohanim to be mentioned first, followed by Levites and finally by the lords. Jewish Commentary Scholar Malbim points out why the order has been reversed. It was customary to execute two forms of each document which read from the top to the bottom on the open one and the reverse order on the closed document because the signatures were left doubled back and viable from the outside and thus the last to sigh were first on the sealed document.

All work done within The Temple usually was done by the Priests or Kohens.

I don't know if this information will help you see this small difference.