Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

beemanlee's picture

In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

naomipaz's picture

What an interesting question.

What an interesting question.

And while it provokes a number of responses, please don't assume these to be definitive.

Scripture anyway always raises more questions than answers.

Having said all of that, one reason to know the meanings of names is that it might simply be useful since all the contemporary or near contemporary readers, or listeners,
would have known what these names meant, so we should too. Perhaps something would be lost if in 2,000 years people read a book with characters named Black,
Miller, knowing how they were pronounced but never knowing their commonly understood meaning.

My interpretation, strictly personal and not based on scholarship, of some Biblical names is that they are akin to blessings: thus the name Azariah could be understood
as 'God will help him,' him being the child bearing that name. [I know that strictly speaking, azar is in the past tense, but the Hebrew Bible generally does a great deal of
time warping where things in the future are expressed in past tense and vice versa.] 'Michael,' or 'Mi cha el' is an expression of awe in question form: 'Who is like God?'
'Daniel,' or 'God is my judge,' is a blessing in that a child bearing that name should not be judged by man, only God.

And now, having given you my interpretations, I would like you to know that I have called the Yeshivah University Library with such questions, and they always preface
answers to name interpretations with the precaution that we can not be certain these are the meanings.

It may also be meaningful to some participants to know how often a Biblical name includes references to God: it gives us the understanding that God's presence was
referred to in so many different ways in the ordinary course of daily life.

Hope this helps.