Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

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In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

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Nehemiah 10:29, The Curse And The Oath

In our next verse from Nehemiah 10, we will be reading about The Oath that The People and those who Signed The Covenant entered into with their G-d. This was not just something in passing, but was a decision that both The People and their Great Brethren would agree together to follow after The Torah together.

From Nehemiah 10:29, The King James Bible, from

V29 They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in G-d's Law, which was given by Moses the servant of G-d, and to observe and do all The Commandments of The L-RD our L-rd, and His Judgments and His Statutes;

According to Jewish Scholar Ri Mitrani, this passage is pointing out that The Righteous among The People were pressing upon their Great Brethren, those who had signed The Covenant with G-d, to follow after righteousness and not to seek the evil and the wicked ways of the past. The Righteous desired those who signed to fulfill what The Torah of Moses and The Statutes of G-d's Law required of them as well.

The Translation here seems to appear that it was a revers order of those who signed were asking The righteous to follow The Laws of Moses in Covenant with G-d, according to Jewish Scholar Ralbag, The Power-full in The Community pressured the others to take The Oath to fulfill The Torah.

Into a Curse is defined as an Oath accompanied by a curse, as in Numbers 5:21,
from The King James Bible,

V21 Then the priest shall charge the woman with an oath of cursing, and the priest shall say unto the woman, The L-RD make thee a curse and an oath among thy people, when The L-RD doth make thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to swell;

This verse is about a woman who was suspected of adultery. The Kohen shall adjure the woman to swear with the oath of the curse, from Jewish Scholar Metzodos. The sense of The Oath of The Curse is that the one taking The Oath declares, May G-d visit a curse upon me if I do not fulfill the following...

In Jewish Understanding, permitting one's resolve by swearing to fulfill it, is a strengthening of our ability to performing The Mitzvah(Commandment). Although an unnecessary oath is forbidden, this is not considered a redundant Shevuah(Oath) but is an affirmation to The Truth that you will do what is required.

To Observe and Fulfill, refers to the observance of the negative commandment refraining from what is prohibited by HaShem(G-d) in The Commandments(Mitzvot).

And His Laws and Statutes refers to The Laws of The Torah such as prohibiting against Murders and robbery. The Law go beyond human comprehension such as The Law derived from The Torah that prohibits the wearing of a fabric containing both wool and linen and covers special Purification Laws which are associate with the ashes of The Red Cow(Heifer).