Nehemiah Chapter 10, Records The Covenant of Faith and Those Who Committed to Follow The Torah

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In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.

First there is a list of 83 signatories of The Covenant of Faith(The Bris Amanah) with a seal. The Temple tax is established as one-third shekel because of the economy, down from Exodus 20:13-14 of one-half shekel, which was the same later is in New Testament Times.

It brings up The Oath, Intermarriage and The Sabbath. The Mitzvos, The Wood Offerings, The Firstborn, The First of Your Dough(Challah) and The First Fruits(Terumah) and Tithing.

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Nehemiah 10:13, And Some Levite Bretheren

In this next verse we will be going over the next group of Hebrew Names and trying to find out more information from the actual meaning of the names found by transliteration of The Hebrew Understanding into English.

Verse 13, is from The King James Bible, so let us read The Hebrew names.

V13 Hodijah, Bani, Beninu.

From Strong's, Nehemiah 10:13,

Hodiah, הֹודִיָּ֥ה, ho·v·di·yah, 1940, Hodiah

Bani, בָנִ֖י, va·ni, 1137, Bani

Beninu, בְּנִֽינוּ, be·ni·nu, 1148, Beninu

The first Hebrew name is Hodijah. From Strong's #1940, Howdiyah, ho-dee-yaw', a form of the feminine gender, a Jewess, from Strong's #3064, Yhuwdiy, yeh-hoo-dee', patron, Jehudite i.e. a Jewaite of Jew, a descendant of Jehudah. From Strong's #3063, Yhuwdah, yeh-hoo-daw', celebrate, Jehudah or Judah, also of The Tribe descended from the first, of The Territory of Judah, Bethlehem-Judah+Strong's #1035, Beyth Lechem, bayth-leh'-khem, from Strong's #1004, Bayith, bah'-yith, from Strong's #1129, a house, a household, a family, a home, within, temple, a prison, a place, a dungeon, a house or a building as a permanent dwelling, living in of resting, a home, a grave a sepulcher. and #3899, lechem, lekh'-em, food for man of beast, especially grain of bread, a meal, loaves, victuals, eat, feast, fruit, provisions, a daily diet, which is together, a house of bread, Beth-Lechem, Beth-lehem, Bethlemjudah.

So the name Hodiah has meaning concerning Judah and especially Bethlehem of Judah and any Jew, and is referring to those Jews who eat bread together, both men/women and animals of the household. It is also about those Jews who are living(dwelling) together as a permanent family in a house or building.

The second Hebrew name is Bani. From Strong's #1137, Baniy, baw-nee', bani, to build, from Strong's #1129, banah, baw-naw', a primitive root, build, to build, build up, to establish, to construct, builder, made, build again, repair, to rebuild, obtain children, to establish, to manufacture, to found or to found a dynasty, to build a house.

This Hebrew word first is used in Genesis 8:20, Noah constructed an arc. From Genesis 4:17, Enoch built a city, that he founded and also established that city. From Genesis 2:22, that G-d made or fashioned Eve out of Adam's rib.

So The Hebrew word Bani means to build up The House of G-d or to fashion ones house or family on what G-d has established and founded.

Now the third Hebrew name is Beninu, from Strong's #1148, bniynuw, ben-ee-noo', our son, Beninu. From Strong's #1121, ben, a son as a builder of the family name. A family relationship and includes grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, like a son, like children, old, first, man, young, child, stranger, people and many similar to this.

Ben means son, bat means daughter. These nouns are derived from the verb banah. This is referring to ones immediate physical family, male or female offspring. To begot sons and daughters, from Genesis 5:4. A physical tie binding a man to his off spring both sons and daughters(ben and bat).

It is about decedents in general. It is a term of familiar address by superior to a subordinate as a term or a phrase as my son(ben) or my daughter(bat).

Ben is also used in a unbreakable relationship to G-d. From Psalm 2:7, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.

Ben address young men in general, regardless of any physical relationship to the speaker.

So Beninu means our son, the builder of our family. It is also The National Relationship among all who are Jewish born.