LITTLE FLOWERS OF SAINT FRANCIS OF ASSISI, Chapter 29
HOW THE DEVIL OFTEN APPEARED TO BROTHER RUFFINO IN THE FORM OF A CRUCIFIX, TELLING HIM THAT ALL THE GOOD HE DID WAS OF NO AVAIL, SEEING HE WAS NOT OF THE NUMBER OF THE ELECT OF GOD; WHICH BEING REVEALED TO ST FRANCIS, HE MADE KNOWN TO BROTHER RUFFINO THE ERROR INTO WHICH HE HAD FALLEN
Predestination. When I was in a college philosophy course, we had a discussion on predestination vs. free will. What a can of worms that was. It seemed that both had to be true and that it was impossible for them both to be true. So much for logic and reason and the intellectual approach to that subject. After that, I'd look in the syllabus when I took a course where that might come up, and put my time to better use on the hour that that discussion would come up.
Sometimes the figure of 44,000 comes up in the discussion of predestination. That figure really refers to a group of Jewish evangelists that will be commissioned to go out, in Revelations, but people can juggle these things around and I don't know who came up with the idea that there were only "rooms" (my word) for 44,000 saved in Heaven.
Well, brother Ruffino in this Little Flowers story has seen a false vision that convinced him he was predestined to damnation. Actually, this story is more about discernment than about predestination. I can see how someone who has heard of predestination can wonder whether he's predestined to damnation. But if someone is _convinced_ he's predestined to damnation, he should ask himself who has convinced him. The gospel writers spent a good deal of attention on the "whosoever" aspect of salvation.