Nehemiah Chapter 5, Complaints and Problems of Judah

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This chapter is full of many different problems which happened during the time of construction if the Walls around Jerusalem. This time frame took 52 days to complete.

Three different problems arose. ONE:Many landless People were without food. TWO:Landlords were forced to mortgage their land because of the famine. THREE: Borrowing was necessary to pay property tax imposed by the Persistent.

Verses 1-5, debts, interests and bondage.
Verses 6-13, payments of interest abolished.
Verses 14-19, examples of Unselfishness.

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Nehemiah 5:15-16, G-d Blessed Nehemiah in All he Did

Because of Nehemiah's desire not to receive any compensation for his job as The Persian Satrap(Governor) of Judah and his personal efforts to ease the burdens of The indigent Jews of Jerusalem, and easing of the tax for the rich and wealthy, all The People found a favorable disposition towards Nehemiah.

G-d aided him and crowned him with success in all his activities from repairing The Walls of Jerusalem to inspiring The Lords of Judah to obey The Mitzvos of charity and returning the security to the one who borrowed.

Nehemiah was also the one who lowered the tax that the wealthy usually payed the Satrap(Governor) of Judah. He forgave this tax and they were also reciprocal in obeying him when it came to the Poor being re-instated with their property and all that was confiscated from them.

Lets read the next two verses of Nehemiah 5,

V15 But the former governors who [were] before me laid burdens on the people, and took from them bread and wine, besides forty shekels of silver. Yes, even their servants bore rule over the people, but I did not do so, because of the fear of G-d.
V16 Indeed, I also continued the work on this wall, and we did not buy any land. All my servants [were] gathered there for the work.

The words in verse 15, the former Governors(Satrap) who were before me, was a reference to those Jewish Leaders who applied extra burdens before Nehemiah's commission as Satrap of Judah. This is probably some bragging being done on Nehemiah's part. Daniel was Satrap(Governor) of Judah before Nehemiah. and Ezra before him.

This book of Nehemiah is credited to Ezra in Jewish Scrolls to punish Nehemiah for this criticism of the former Satraps.

In verse 16 Nehemiah, it is noted he is using his own money to repair The Walls and not to buy property. He says He made no other expenditures, when it came to The Walls of Jerusalem