Nehemiah Chapter 5, Complaints and Problems of Judah

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This chapter is full of many different problems which happened during the time of construction if the Walls around Jerusalem. This time frame took 52 days to complete.

Three different problems arose. ONE:Many landless People were without food. TWO:Landlords were forced to mortgage their land because of the famine. THREE: Borrowing was necessary to pay property tax imposed by the Persistent.

Verses 1-5, debts, interests and bondage.
Verses 6-13, payments of interest abolished.
Verses 14-19, examples of Unselfishness.

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Nehemiah 5:1-2, The Loud Crying Out of The Poverty Stricken Jews

In this Chapter 5 of Nehemiah, the Crying Out by those who were not so able to hang onto their land because of their impoverished state, were forced to sell everything to by food.

They were The Poverty Stricken Ones among The Jews that were Crying Out to Nehemiah for assistance to buy the daily bread and other grain products so that they might eat.

This state of The Poor People of Judah has now been going on for some time and the "Question" by those in need was: Why in The Book of Ezra did not someone do something to relieve this need of The Poor, earlier, when Judah was repairing The Temple?

Nehemiah was a representative of The King of Persia and he also was a Descendant of King David's Royal Blood Line and looked upon as The Leader to rectify the injustices which the Poor People of Judah saw as their main reason for being in such a need.

Jewish Scholar Rashi points out; The difficult and impoverished conditions that prevailed had so reduced them that many had been forced to sell their lands, and even sons and daughters into bond-service to buy food to exist on.

Lets read the first two verses of Nehemiah 5,

V1 And there was a great outcry of the people and their wives against their Jewish brethren.
V2 For there were those who said, "We, our sons, and our daughters [are] many; therefore let us get grain, that we may eat and live."

Jewish Scholar Ri Mitrani says about this Crying Out; Not all of The People of Judah were impoverished. There were some that still prospered, and these were the ones that the poor were Crying Out to in their hour of need.

With all the Crying Out, Nehemiah was the one who eventually heard and did something about it. This is the view of Jewish Scholar Rashi.