The Book of Ezra Chapter 4, Opposition by The Elamites

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Most of this Chapter will cover the opposition who see this new threat of power which The Jews seem to have as they work on the restoration of The Temple with Cyrus,Xerxes and Artaxerxes. Work comes to a stop until the Second year of reign of Darius, King of Persia.

Names like Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabbl, Rehum, Shimshai, The Elamites, those whom Osnappaar deported to Sumaria are now causing a slow down in Jerusalem with the restoration of The Temple.

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Ezra 4:20-21, The New King Artaxerxes Commands the Work to Stop

What we see in the next two verses is the next part of the massage that The New Persian King Artaxerxes has sent the Elamite Commissioner, commanding him to stop the work which The Jews were now doing. That which Cyrus, The King had commissioned to be done years before now is brought to a stop by Artaxerxes orders.

So lets read the next two verses of Ezra 4,

V20 There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all [the region] beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and customs were paid to them.
V21 Now give the command to make these men cease, that this city may not be built until the command is given by me.

Now the same Elamite people, who are now much older and some new and younger ones too, but with the same intent, to slow the Work of G-d down, now have the orders to stop "The Work" which the Jews are doing in Jerusalem from The New King of Persia, Artaxerxes.

Now back to the Hebrew; When the returning people stared clearing out the debris and damage that The Temple of G-d and the City of Jerusalem had received from The Babylonian Army, they were approached by the inhabitance then living in The Land of Judah, The Elamites.

The Elamites main purpose was to slow down the work of The Jewish people returning to rebuild the Temple for Cyrus. This also applied to slowing down the clean out of the debris from The City of Jerusalem.

Cyrus was King of Persia and the Jews were doing this work of Building G-d a House at his Command and at G-d's request of him is now stopped.