The Book of Ezra, Chapter 2, The Jewish People Returned

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Most of Chapter 2 of Ezra gives The Family Name and the number returning to Judah.

"Usually" in Semitic culture, only the males are recorded in the number given. So we can probably figure that the number can be then multiplied by the average family size of the day and come somewhat close to the exact number of people going back to Judah.

"Women and children" were never counted in amount of numbers, but just referenced to. Some women never marry, and some do not have children.

Most Jewish Males were expected to marry and have children. Even those in Religious service were expected to have one wife. But that usually is not and exact Science.

Lee Ostrander, Group Manager, The Minor Prophets

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Bethlehem, King David's city, 123

Here is a little information on Bethlehem, Davids roots are here. He was a Sheppard in the hills near by as a boy.

Bethlehem is the city from which The Prophet Micah said would arise "The Messiah", The Anointed of G-d, The Scone of David. The One(Messiah) to be Ruler in Israel, From Everlasting to Everlasting. The One(Messiah) who would show the Judgment of G-d on The Nations.

Micah 5:2,
" But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, [Though] you are little among the thousands of Judah, [Yet] out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth [are] from of old, From everlasting."

This small town of David, Bethlehem, Hebrew(House of Bread) Ephrathah, The One to be Ruler in Israel, will come The Messiah, from the seed of David, a Good Shepard, He will feed His Flocks, with "The Bread of Life".

The story of Micah 5 gos on and describes The Assyrian being defeated and events in Babylon which we are just finishing up.