The Book of Ezra, Chapter 2, The Jewish People Returned

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Most of Chapter 2 of Ezra gives The Family Name and the number returning to Judah.

"Usually" in Semitic culture, only the males are recorded in the number given. So we can probably figure that the number can be then multiplied by the average family size of the day and come somewhat close to the exact number of people going back to Judah.

"Women and children" were never counted in amount of numbers, but just referenced to. Some women never marry, and some do not have children.

Most Jewish Males were expected to marry and have children. Even those in Religious service were expected to have one wife. But that usually is not and exact Science.

Lee Ostrander, Group Manager, The Minor Prophets

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Ezra 2:2, The numbering of the men and family name

Let's read Ezra 2:2,

[Those] who came with Zerubbabel [were] Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, [and] Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel:

According to Matthew Henry:
The account that was kept of the families that came up from the captivity was intended also for the benefit of posterity, that they might know from whom they descended and to whom they were allied.
Zerubbabel and Jeshua were their Moses and Aaron, the former was their chief prince, the latter their chief priest.

Nehemiah and Mordecai are mentioned here: According to Ruth, Mordecai sat at the Gate to the city, meaning he was like a Judge in Suza. Nehemiah was in charge of rebuilding The Walls of Jerusalem. Both returned to the Kings Court for the service of their country afterwards.