The Book of Ezra, Chapter 2, The Jewish People Returned

beemanlee's picture

Most of Chapter 2 of Ezra gives The Family Name and the number returning to Judah.

"Usually" in Semitic culture, only the males are recorded in the number given. So we can probably figure that the number can be then multiplied by the average family size of the day and come somewhat close to the exact number of people going back to Judah.

"Women and children" were never counted in amount of numbers, but just referenced to. Some women never marry, and some do not have children.

Most Jewish Males were expected to marry and have children. Even those in Religious service were expected to have one wife. But that usually is not and exact Science.

Lee Ostrander, Group Manager, The Minor Prophets

beemanlee's picture

From captivity, Ezra 2:1, everyone returned to his own city

For some more History of our story in The Book of Ezra we need to go even further back in time.

Their were originally 12 Tribes named for each of the sons of Jacob. The states/tribes used Judah and Jerusalem as the Center place of Worship and Government for all of them.

David was the one who did the designing of The First Temple and collected all of the materials which were originally used. Solomon put the First Temple together and built up the Kingdom of The Hebrews.

All that was changed after King Solomon died, with Israel splitting off on it's own and "in fighting" began between the sibling tribes and splitting into two Kingdoms.

Israel, The Northern Kingdom was conquered by Shalmaneser V, King of Assyria in The Revolt of Samaria in 722 BC. He also died there in Samaria, and Sargon II was the ascender to The Assyrian Throne.

We can read about this in II Kings 17-18, When Ahaz was King of Judah. We read the story of The Northern tribes being taken by Assyria.

The Bible credits Shalmaneser V and his father, Tiglath-Pileser III with this fate of The 10 Northern tribes. They were taken into some of the most faraway and remote places in The World. Only today are those peoples of the lost 10 Tribes actually being discovered.

Our study of Ezra starts out by saying Judah is now a Provence of Persian rule.

It was years before this "Homeward Bound" event took place, that The Jewish State of Judah, was at it zenith, when G-d's Holy Temple was important. But for the most part of the Hebrew peoples lives. It was the most important place to be, during the major feasts days. That view faded with time and New Kings who were not G-d Seekers took up the Kings job.

Now lets read our next verse, Ezra 2:1,

NKJV "Now these [are] the people of the province who came back from the captivity, of those who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon, and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah, everyone to his [own] city."