The Minor Prophets
This will be a verse by verse study of a selection of The Old Testament called The Minor Prophets. This will be some of the Book we will be studying: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. We will be starting with Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther first, to start with.
The aim and goals of this group would be to help us understand the reasons for G-d's use of The Old Testament Prophets, The Nation and The People who are called The Jews, that are "the key players" in G-d's plan of Redemption for The World, but most of all why they have so much bearing on our lives today.
The list of books which we will be reading: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. We will be starting with Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther first, which covers the return from captivity of The Jews.
Here is a short list of The Reference Materials that I use in my teaching:
Matthew Henry's Commentary which is also on-line and with cross references.
Strong's Complete Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek Concordance of The Bible
Halley's Bible Handbook, a quick, small view.
The New King James Version Bible, Thomas Nelson with Commentary.
The Complete Jewish Bible, Translation by David Stern (Messianic)
Tanach, Mesorah Publication, Ltd. A New Translation with commentary.
Jewish Study Bible, Oxford University Press
Tanakh, Jewish Publication Society
Nelson's Bible Dictionary
Webster's English Dictionary
Webster's Hebrew Dictionary
Vine's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words
There is always going to be some other Commentary Information that we will look at at different times, but all will be documented as to the source of the information.
The starting date of the class will be April 2
Lee Ostrander (beemanlee) firstname.lastname@example.org
In this Chapter of Nehemiah we will read about all of those who by Faith chose to follow all of what The Torah Teaches. The Laws, that were neglected and they gave their pledge to walk in them and uphold all of them. The Spirit of Repentance(Teshuvah) follows with the resolve of Nehemiah The Governor, Zedekiah and The People, to Change their old ways of neglect, and Renew their Spiritual Connection to The Holy Land.
This next Chapter 9 of Nehemiah will cover Repentance and Confession unto G-d.
A Pursuit of Holiness is the main theme of The Levites in Nehemiah 9 exhorting The People unto Righteousness and Worship of G-d.
It covers the result of G-d's Faithfulness to His Chosen Covenant People, The Seed of Abram.
The accounts of Abram's Descendants are used to point out The Covenant with G-d which started with Abram.
This next Chapter 8 of Nehemiah is a continuation of the re-reading of Ezra's Book of Records from Chapter 7, and is following the Original document, The Book of Lineage of Those Who Had Ascended..., which was found by Nehemiah.
The Reading of Torah by Ezra takes place on The Temple Mount(a wooden box) near The Water Gate which is opposite The Temple. The Community of Jews have gathered, including The Women, for this reading from Moses.
In this Chapter 7 of Nehemiah we will find Hananiah(Hanani), Nehemiah's brother put in charge of Jerusalem. Nehemiah assembles The People and discovers a genealogical record. We will find it was a record of Genealogical from the Dedication of The Altar in Ezra 2:1-70, Which reflects the initial return from Babylon by The Jews. And lastly a short reading of The Torah Scrolls in the last verse 72b.
Chat about Nehemiah topics that are off thread here
Nehemiah's leadership of moral, righteous and G-d fearing is continued in this Chapter 6. He refused to use any income received from taxation of The People of Judah. He believed in retribution for the evil imposed upon The People of Judah by the Opposition. This chapter is about the opposition to Nehemiah by Sanballat, Geshem the Arab and Tobiah.
This chapter is full of many different problems which happened during the time of construction if the Walls around Jerusalem. This time frame took 52 days to complete.
Three different problems arose. ONE:Many landless People were without food. TWO:Landlords were forced to mortgage their land because of the famine. THREE: Borrowing was necessary to pay property tax imposed by the Persistent.
Verses 1-5, debts, interests and bondage.
Verses 6-13, payments of interest abolished.
Verses 14-19, examples of Unselfishness.
Chapter 4, of Nehemiah starts off with Sanballat's Opposition to The Work on The Walls. He is joined by a group who together mock the Jews who are doing The Work of Restoring and Strengthening The Walls of Jerusalem.
Chapter 4, of Nehemiah is also numbered differently in The Jewish Bible than most of the Western Translations with 6 of the verses transposed into Chapter 3, and having 38 verses in The Jewish Bible's Translation of Nehemiah, compared to 32 verses in The NKJV Bible which I'm quoting from.
In this third Chapter of Nehemiah we will see the Repair Work Started and Completed to Half it's Height by verse 38.
Most of the Chapter is dedicated to Family's and Names who were involved in The Work of Repairing The Walls of Jerusalem,in verses 1-32.
There will be some opposition referred to in verses 33-35 by Sandballat and Tobiah.
Nehemiah's prayer, verses 36-38
The Prophet Nehemiah, Cup Bearer of The King, Artaxerxes of Persia, at his own request is sent to Judah to repair the damages to The City of David's Walls and Gates. Along with doing the work he is also wanting to repair the graves of his fathers that are also damaged.
There is always Opposition to any good work and now we have Sanballat The Horonite and his servant Tobiah The Ammonite who are in opposition to the Restoration of Jerusalem's Walls and Gates. Sanballat is the Governor of Samaria and is the major theme in The Book of Nehemiah.
Nehemiah is a continuation of Ezra's work he started but with a focus on restoring the walls of Jerusalem and the gates and restoring the City's Image of a City on a Hill dedicated to Worshiping G-d and Serving The People
Nehemiah was One of The Author along with Ezra in several places. The date which The Book of Nehemiah was written was probably about 431BC to 430BC.
The First part of Nehemiah is covering the repairing of gates and walls with some input from the opposition.
Lets read Nehemiah's Book
In this last chapter of Ezra we will see the hidden secret redressed
1-5...The confession to G-d and each other
6-14..An Assembly is called and reformation is agreed upon
15-17.Commissioners are appointed
18-44.The names of the guilty are given
In this next Chapter of Ezra we will come face to face with what happens when a people who are called by G-d, do things against what He said was The Way to Go.
V1-4, Ezra will discuss what the sin was that they were guilty of and we will find out who the persons that were guilty of this sin were.
V5-15, Ezra will also take the responsibility's to correct this error of shame.
In Chapter 8 of Ezra, The Leadership, hand picked men of Judah and Israel. Ezra Commission, to be Supreme Judge of Persian Law and Justice in The Satrap, of Beyond The River. Then to Execute and Enforce the Laws of Persia and The Torah with his Leadership, hand picked from Babylon.
Ezra8:1-14, Heads of Families returning to Judah.
Ezra8:15-20, The Leadership assemble, are examined, and given instruction.
Ezra8:21-23, Fasting and prayer for the journey to Judah.
Ezra8:24-30, The Appointment of Priests.
Ezra8:31-36, The Return.
In this next Chapter of Ezra we will find Ezra being sent back to Jerusalem by The Persian King Artaxerxes. In the opening verses Ezra's credentials as Priest are posted and are compared to Aaron's credentials as priest. Ezra is a scribe and well trained in the teachings of Moses.
Ezra's job will be to instruct the returnees in Torah. Verses, 1-10
Ezra's Letter of Commission by Artaxerxes is posted. Verses 11-26
Ezra's Prayer for more of Israel's Leadership to return. Verses 27-28
From the sixth Chapter of Ezra we will find out what Darius will answer back to Satrap, Tattenai, Bozidar, of the Province of Beyond The River from what he finds in Ecbatana, concerning The Jews, verses 1-5.
The return answer of Darius, verses 6-12.
The completion of The Temple, verses 13-18.
The Celebration of The Feast of Passover, verses 19-22
In this Chapter of Ezra we will see the work of restoring the once beautiful Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem back on track again with two new faces working out G-d's plan, Haggai and Zachariah and with opposition.
We are now back in the place we left before we started to read the inserted Aramaic accusation by The Elamites and Artaxerxes answer.
Most of this Chapter will cover the opposition who see this new threat of power which The Jews seem to have as they work on the restoration of The Temple with Cyrus,Xerxes and Artaxerxes. Work comes to a stop until the Second year of reign of Darius, King of Persia.
Names like Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabbl, Rehum, Shimshai, The Elamites, those whom Osnappaar deported to Sumaria are now causing a slow down in Jerusalem with the restoration of The Temple.
This Chapter of Ezra has to do with establishing The Temple service, laying The Foundation and The Dedication. Judah and Benjamin together are doing this rebuilding together.
In Chapter 3, the People are now settling down to take care of the first matters at hand, preparing the Alter of The Temple for sacrifice. There is an Assembly for the Festival of Booths. As The Chapter opens it is now the seventh month and the Festival is Tishri 15th, with a gathering of everyone to Jerusalem for Sukkot.
Most of Chapter 2 of Ezra gives The Family Name and the number returning to Judah.
"Usually" in Semitic culture, only the males are recorded in the number given. So we can probably figure that the number can be then multiplied by the average family size of the day and come somewhat close to the exact number of people going back to Judah.
"Women and children" were never counted in amount of numbers, but just referenced to. Some women never marry, and some do not have children.