Ps 68:1
68:1 <> Let
     God {a} arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them also
     that hate him flee before him.

     (a) The prophet shows that even though God permits the
         wicked tyrants to oppress his Church for a time, yet
         eventually he will take revenge on them.

Ps 68:3
68:3 {b} But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before
     God: yea, let them exceedingly rejoice.

     (b) He shows that when God declares his power against the
         wicked, it is for the convenience and salvation of his
         Church, who praise him for it.

Ps 68:4
68:4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that
     rideth upon the heavens by his name {c} JAH, and rejoice
     before him.

     (c) Jah and Jehovah are the names of God, signifying his
         incomprehensible essence and majesty, so that by this
         it is declared that all idols are vanity and that the
         God of Israel is the only true God.

Ps 68:6
68:6 God {d} setteth the solitary in families: he bringeth out
     those which are bound with chains: but the rebellious dwell
     in a {e} dry [land].

     (d) He gives children to those who are childless, and
         increases their families.
     (e) Which is devoid of God's blessings, which before they
         had abused.

Ps 68:7
68:7 {f} O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people, when
     thou didst march through the wilderness; Selah:

     (f) He teaches that God's favour belongs specifically to his
         Church as appears by their wonderful deliverance out of

Ps 68:10
68:10 Thy congregation hath dwelt therein: thou, O God, hast
      prepared of thy {g} goodness for the poor.

      (g) God blessed the land of Canaan, because he had chosen
          that place for his Church.

Ps 68:11
68:11 The Lord gave the word: great [was] the company of {h}
      those that published [it].

      (h) The fashion then was that women sang songs after the
          victory, as did Miriam, Deborah, Judith and others.

Ps 68:12
68:12 Kings of armies did flee apace: and {i} she that tarried
      at home divided the spoil.

      (i) The prayer was so great, that not only the soldiers,
          but the women also had part of it.

Ps 68:13
68:13 Though ye have lien among the {k} pots, [yet shall ye be
      as] the wings of a dove covered with silver, and her
      feathers with yellow gold.

      (k) Though God permits his Church for a time to lie in
          black darkness, yet he will restore it, and make it
          most shining and white.

Ps 68:14
68:14 When the Almighty scattered kings {l} in it, it was
      [white] as snow in Salmon.

      (l) In the land of Canaan, where his Church was.

Ps 68:15
68:15 {m} The hill of God [is as] the hill of Bashan; an high
      hill [as] the hill of Bashan.

      (m) Zion the Church of God exceeds all worldly things, not
          in pomp and outward show, but by the inward grace of
          God, which remains because of his dwelling there.

Ps 68:16
68:16 {n} Why leap ye, ye high hills? [this is] the hill [which]
      God desireth to dwell in; yea, the LORD will dwell [in it]
      for ever.

      (n) Why do you boast of your strength and beauty against
          this Mountain of God.

Ps 68:18
68:18 Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast {o} led captivity
      captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, [for] the
      rebellious also, that the LORD God might dwell [among

      (o) As God overcame the enemy of his Church, took them
          prisoners, and made them tributaries: so Christ, which
          is God manifested in the flesh, subdued Satan and sin
          under us, and gave to his Church most liberal gifts of
          his Spirit, Eph 4:8.

Ps 68:20
68:20 [He that is] our God [is] the God of salvation; and unto
      GOD the Lord [belong] the {p} issues from death.

      (p) Even in most extreme dangers, God has infinite ways to
          deliver his.

Ps 68:22
68:22 The Lord said, I will bring again from {q} Bashan, I will
      bring [my people] again from the depths of the sea:

      (q) As he delivered his Church once from Og of Bashan and
          other tyrants and from the danger of the Red Sea, so
          will he still do as often as it is necessary.

Ps 68:23
68:23 That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of [thine]
      enemies, [and] the tongue of thy dogs {r} in the same.

      (r) That is, in the blood of that great slaughter, where
          dogs will lap blood.

Ps 68:24
68:24 They have seen {s} thy goings, O God; [even] the goings of
      my God, my King, in the sanctuary.

      (s) That is, how you who are chief King goes out with your
          people to war, and gives them the victory.

Ps 68:25
68:25 The {t} singers went before, the players on instruments
      [followed] after; among [them were] the damsels playing
      with timbrels.

      (t) He describes the order of the people, when they went
          to the temple to give thanks for the victory.

Ps 68:26
68:26 Bless ye God in the congregations, [even] the Lord, from
      the fountain {u} of Israel.

      (u) Who come of the patriarch Jacob.

Ps 68:27
68:27 There [is] {x} little Benjamin [with] their {y} ruler, the
      princes of Judah [and] their council, the princes of
      Zebulun, [and] the princes of Naphtali.

      (x) Benjamin is called little, because he was the youngest
          son of Jacob.
      (y) Who was some chief ruler of the tribe.

Ps 68:29
68:29 {z} Because of thy temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring
      presents unto thee.

      (z) Declare out of your holy palace your power for the
          defence of your Church Jerusalem.

Ps 68:30
68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the
      bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] {a}
      submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the
      people [that] delight in war.

      (a) He desires that the pride of the mighty may be
          destroyed, who were accustomed to garnishing their
          shoes with silver, and therefore for their glittering
          pomp thought themselves above all men.

Ps 68:31
68:31 Princes shall come out {b} of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon
      stretch out her hands unto God.

      (b) He prophecies that the Gentiles will come to the true
          knowledge and worship of God.

Ps 68:33
68:33 To him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, [which
      were] of old; lo, he doth send out his {c} voice, [and
      that] a mighty voice.

      (c) By his terrible thunders he will make himself be known
          as the God of all the world.

Ps 68:35
68:35 O God, [thou art] {d} terrible out of thy holy {e} places:
      the God of Israel [is] he that giveth strength and power
      unto [his] people.  Blessed [be] God.

      (d) In showing fearful judgments against your enemies for
          the salvation of your people.
      (e) He alludes to the tabernacle which was divided in
          three parts.