Ps 44:1
44:1 <>
     We have heard with our {a} ears, O God, our fathers have
     told us, [what] work thou didst in their days, in the times
     of old.

     (a) This psalm seems to have been made by some excellent
         prophet for the use of the people when the Church was
         in extreme misery, either at their return from Babylon
         or under Antiochus or in similar afflictions.

Ps 44:2
44:2 [How] thou didst drive out the {b} heathen with thy hand,
     and plantedst {c} them; [how] thou didst afflict the {d}
     people, and (e) cast them out.

     (b) That is, the Canaanites.
     (c) That is, our fathers.
     (d) Of Canaan.
     (e) That is, our fathers.

Ps 44:3
44:3 For they got not the land in possession by their own sword,
     neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand,
     and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because
     thou hadst a {f} favour unto them.

     (f) God's free mercy and love is the only fountain and
         beginning of the Church, De 4:37.

Ps 44:4
44:4 Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for {g}

     (g) Because you are our king, therefore deliver your people
         from their misery.

Ps 44:5
44:5 {h} Through thee will we push down our enemies: through thy
     name will we tread them under that rise up against us.

     (h) Because they and their forefathers made both one
         Church, they apply that to themselves which before they
         attributed to their fathers.

Ps 44:9
44:9 But thou hast cast off, and put us to {i} shame; and goest
     not forth with our armies.

     (i) As they confessed before that their strength came from
         God, so now they acknowledge that this affliction came
         by his just judgment.

Ps 44:11
44:11 Thou hast given us {k} like sheep [appointed] for meat;
      and hast scattered us among the heathen.

      (k) Knowing God to be author of this calamity, they murmur
          not, but seek remedy at his hands who wounded them.

Ps 44:12
44:12 Thou sellest thy people {l} for nought, and dost not
      increase [thy wealth] by their price.

      (l) As slaves who are sold for a low price, you do not
          look for him who offers the most, but take the first

Ps 44:15
44:15 My {m} confusion [is] continually before me, and the shame
      of my face hath covered me,

      (m) I dare not lift up my head for shame.

Ps 44:16
44:16 For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by
      reason of the enemy and {n} avenger.

      (n) Meaning, the proud and cruel tyrant.

Ps 44:17
44:17 All this is come upon us; yet have we not {o} forgotten
      thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant.

      (o) They boast not of their virtues, but declare that they
          rest on God in the midst of their affliction: who did
          not punished their sins now, but by hard afflictions
          called them to the consideration of the heavenly joys.

Ps 44:20
44:20 If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out
      our hands to a {p} strange god;

      (p) They show that they honoured God correctly, because
          they trusted in him alone.

Ps 44:21
44:21 Shall not God {q} search this out? for he knoweth the
      secrets of the heart.

      (q) They take God to witness that they were upright toward

Ps 44:22
44:22 Yea, for thy sake {r} are we killed all the day long; we
      are counted as sheep for the slaughter.

      (r) The faithful take comfort in this, that the wicked
          punish them not for their sins, but for because of
          God, Mt 5:10, 1Pe 4:14.

Ps 44:25
44:25 For our soul is {s} bowed down to the dust: our belly
      cleaveth unto the earth.

      (s) There is no hope of recovery, unless you raise us up
          with your hand.

Ps 44:26
44:26 Arise for our help, and redeem us for thy {t} mercies'

      (t) Which is the only sufficient ransom to deliver both
          body and souls from all kinds of slavery and misery.