Mt 20:1
20:1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an
     {1} householder, which went out early in the morning to
     hire labourers into his vineyard.

 (1) God is bound to no man, and therefore he calls whoever and
     whenever he desires.  This only every man ought to take
     heed of, and upon this bestow his whole endeavour, that he
     go forward and come to the mark without stopping at all or
     staggering, and to not curiously examine the doings of
     other men, or the judgments of God.

Mt 20:2
20:2 And when he had {a} agreed with the labourers for a penny a
     day, he sent them into his vineyard.

     (a) Literally, "fell in time": it is a kind of speech taken
         from poetry.

Mt 20:6
20:6 And about the {b} eleventh hour he went out, and found
     others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye
     here all the day idle?

     (b) The last hour: for the day was twelve hours long, and
         the first hour began at sunrise.

Mt 20:15
20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own?
      Is thine eye {c} evil, because I am good?

      (c) Naught, that is to say, do you envy at my goodness
          towards them?  For by an "evil eye" the Hebrews mean
          "envy", because such dispositions appear chiefly in
          the eyes, as above in Mt 6:23.  It is set in
          opposition to the word "single", and it is taken there
          for corrupt: for whereas he said before in verse 22,
          "If thine eye be single", he adds in verse 23, "but if
          thine eye by wicked", or "corrupt", the word being the
          same in that place as it is here. Mt 6:22,23

Mt 20:17
20:17 {2} And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve
      disciples apart in the way, and said unto them,

 (2) Christ goes to the cross necessarily, and yet willingly.

Mt 20:18
20:18 {3} Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man
      shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the
      scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,

 (3) They that should be persecuting him the least, are the
     greatest persecutors of Christ.

Mt 20:19
20:19 {4} And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to
      scourge, and to crucify [him]: and the third day he shall
      rise again.

 (4) The shame of the cross is the sure way to the glory of
     everlasting life.

Mt 20:20
20:20 {5} Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with
      her sons, worshipping [him], and desiring a certain thing
      of him.

 (5) The manner of the heavenly kingdom is quite contrary to the
     earthly kingdom.

Mt 20:22
20:22 But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are
      ye able to {d} drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and
      to be baptized with the {e} baptism that I am baptized
      with? They say unto him, We are able.

      (d) "Taking the cup" is figurative speech for that which
          is contained in the cup.  And again, the Hebrews
          understand by the word "cup", sometimes the manner of
          punishment which is rendered to sin, as Ps 11:6,
          or the joy that is given to the faithful, as Ps 23:5,
          and sometimes a lot or condition, as Ps 16:5.
      (e) This is in reference to afflictions, as David commonly

Mt 20:23
20:23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup,
      and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with:
      but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is {f} not
      mine to give, but [it shall be given to them] for whom it
      is prepared of my Father.

      (f) The almightiness of Christ's divinity is not shut
          out by this, but it shows the debasing of himself by
          taking man's nature upon him.

Mt 20:25
20:25 But Jesus called them [unto him], and said, Ye know that
      the princes of the Gentiles exercise {g} dominion over
      them, and they that are great exercise authority upon

      (g) Somewhat sharply and roughly.

Mt 20:29
20:29 {6} And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude
      followed him.

 (6) Christ by healing these blind men with only one touch,
     shows that he is the only light of the world.

Mt 20:32
20:32 And Jesus stood still, and {h} called them, and said, What
      will ye that I shall do unto you?

      (h) Himself, not by the means of other men.