Mt 10:1
10:1 And {1} when he had called unto [him] his twelve disciples,
     he gave them power [against] unclean spirits, to cast them
     out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of

 (1) The apostles are sent to preach the gospel in Israel.

Mt 10:2
10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The {a}
    first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother;
    James [the son] of Zebedee, and John his brother;

     (a) Theophylact says that Peter and Andrew are called the
         first, because they were first called.

Mt 10:4
10:4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas {b} Iscariot, who also
     betrayed him.

     (b) A man of Kerioth.  Now Kerioth was in the tribe of
         Judah; Jos 15:25.

Mt 10:7
10:7 {2} And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is
     at hand.

 (2) The sum of the gospel, or preaching of the apostles.

Mt 10:8
10:8 {3} Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast
     out devils: freely ye have received, freely give.

 (3) Miracles are signs verifying the word.

Mt 10:9
10:9 {4} Provide {c} neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your

 (4) The ministers of the word must cast away all cares that
     might hinder them, even the least of them.
     (c) For this journey, namely, both that nothing might
         hinder them, and also that they might feel some taste
         of God's providence: for at their return back, the Lord
         asked of them whether they lacked anything by the way,
         Lu 22:35.

Mt 10:10
10:10 Nor scrip for [your] journey, neither two coats, neither
      shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his
      {d} meat.

      (d) God will provide you with food.

Mt 10:11
10:11 {5} And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter,
      enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go

 (5) Happy are they that receive the preaching of the gospel:
     and unhappy are they that refuse it.

Mt 10:13
10:13 And if the house be worthy, let your {e} peace come upon
      it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you.

      (e) It is an idiom taken from the Hebrews, by which they
          meant every type of happiness.

Mt 10:16
10:16 {6} Behold, I send you forth as {f} sheep in the midst of
      wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and {g} harmless
      as doves.

 (6) Christ shows how the ministers must behave themselves
     under the cross.
     (f) You will be in great danger.
     (g) You will not so much as take revenge for an injury: and
         by the mixing of these beast's natures together, he
         will not have our wisdom to be malicious, nor our
         simplicity mad, but a certain form of good nature which
         is composed exquisitely of both of them.

Mt 10:17
10:17 But beware of {h} men: for they will deliver you up to the
      councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;

      (h) For in the cause of religion men are wolves to each

Mt 10:23
10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into
      another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have {i}
      gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be

      (i) Bring to an end, that is, you will not have gone
          through all the cities of Israel and preached in

Mt 10:25
10:25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master,
      and the servant as his lord. If they have called the
      master of the house {k} Beelzebub, how much more [shall
      they call] them of his household?

      (k) It was the idol of the Acronites, which we call the
          god of flies.

Mt 10:26
10:26 {l} Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered,
      that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be

      (l) Truth will not always be hidden.

Mt 10:27
10:27 What I tell you in darkness, [that] speak ye in light: and
      what ye hear in the ear, [that] preach ye upon the {m}

      (m) Openly, and in the highest places.  For the tops of
          their houses were made in such a way that they might
          walk upon them; Ac 10:9.

Mt 10:28
10:28 And {n} fear not them which kill the body, but are not
      able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able
      to destroy both soul and body in hell.

      (n) Though tyrants rage and are cruel, yet we must not
          fear them.

Mt 10:29
10:29 Are not two sparrows sold for a {o} farthing?  and one of
      them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.

      (o) The fourth part of an ounce or seven grams.

Mt 10:32
10:32 {7} Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him
      will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven.

 (7) The necessity and reward of openly confessing Christ.

Mt 10:34
10:34 {8} Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I
      came not to send peace, but a sword.

 (8) Civil dissentions follow the preaching of the gospel.

Mt 10:37
10:37 {9} He that loveth father or mother more than me is not
      worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than
      me is not worthy of me.

 (9) Without exception, nothing is to be preferred before our
     duty to God.

Mt 10:39
10:39 He that {p} findeth his life shall lose it: and he that
      loseth his life for my sake shall find it.

      (p) They are said to find their life, who deliver it out
          of danger: and this is spoken against the opinion of
          the people, who think those that die are certainly
          lost, because they think not of the life to come.

Mt 10:40
10:40 {10} He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that
      receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.

 (10) God is both author and revenger of his holy ministry.

Mt 10:41
10:41 {11} He that receiveth a prophet in {q} the name of a
      prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that
      receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man
      shall receive a righteous man's reward.

 (11) We will lose nothing that is bestowed on Christ.
      (q) As a Prophet.

Mt 10:42
10:42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these {r}
     little ones a cup of cold [water] only in the name of a
     disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose
     his reward.

      (r) Who in the sight of the world are vile and abject.