Mr 12:1
12:1 And {1} he began to speak unto them by {a} parables. A
     [certain] man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about
     [it], and digged [a place for] the winefat, and built a
     tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far

 (1) The calling of God is unbounded, without exception, in
     regard to place, person, or time.
     (a) This word "parable", which the evangelists use, not
         only signifies a comparing of things together, but also
         speeches and allegories with hidden meaning.

Mr 12:2
12:2 {b} And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant,
     that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of
     the vineyard.

     (b) When the fruits of the ground used to be gathered.

Mr 12:12
12:12 And they {c} sought to lay hold on him, but feared the
      people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable
      against them: and they left him, and went their way.

      (c) They were greedy and very desirous.

Mr 12:13
12:13 {2} And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of
      the Herodians, to catch him in [his] words.

 (2) The gospel links the authority of the magistrate with the
     service of God.

Mr 12:14
12:14 And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we
      know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou
      {d} regardest not the person of men, but teachest the {e}
      way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to
      Caesar, or not?

      (d) You do not judge by the outward appearance, so that
          the truth is therefore not darkened by any means at
      (e) The way by which we come to see God.

Mr 12:18
12:18 {3} Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is
      no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,

 (3) The resurrection of the body is confirmed, opposed to the
     foolish ignorance and malice of the Sadducees.

Mr 12:28
12:28 {4} And one of the scribes came, and having heard them
      reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered
      them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of

 (4) Sacrifices and outward worship never pleased God unless we
     first did the things which we owe to God and our

Mr 12:35
12:35 {5} And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the
      temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of

 (5) Christ proves his Godhead even out of David himself, from
     whom he came according to the flesh.

Mr 12:36
12:36 For David himself said by {f} the Holy Ghost, The LORD
      said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make
      thine enemies thy footstool.

      (f) Literally, "in the Holy Spirit"; and there is a great
          power in this kind of speech, by which is meant that
          it was not so much David who was speaking, but instead
          the Holy Spirit, who in a way possessed David.

Mr 12:38
12:38 {6} And he said unto them in {g} his doctrine, Beware of
      the scribes, which love to go in {h} long clothing, and
      [love] salutations in the marketplaces,

 (6) The manners of ministers are not to be followed rashly as
     an example.
     (g) While he taught them.
     (h) The word is a "stole", which is a kind of woman's
         garment that goes down even to the heels, and is taken
         generally to refer to any pleasant looking garment, but
         in this place it seems to signify the fringed garment
         mentioned in De 22:12.

Mr 12:41
12:41 {7} And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld
      how the people {i} cast money into the treasury: and many
      that were rich cast in much.

 (7) The doing of our duties which God allows is not considered
     worthy according to the outward value, but instead
     according to the inward affections of the heart.
     (i) Money of any type of metal which the Romans used, who
         in the beginning stamped or made coins of brass, and
         after used it for currency.