Joh 20:1
20:1 The {1} first [day] of the week cometh Mary Magdalene
     early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth
     the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

 (1) Mary Magdalene, Peter, and John, are the first witnesses of
     the resurrection, and these cannot justly be suspected, for
     they themselves could hardly be persuaded of it; therefore,
     they would obviously not invent such a story on purpose.

Joh 20:11
20:11 But Mary stood {a} without at the sepulchre weeping: and
      as she wept, she stooped down, [and looked] into the

      (a) That is, outside of the cave which the sepulchre was
          cut out of.

Joh 20:12
20:12 {2} And seeth two angels in {b} white sitting, the one at
      the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of
      Jesus had lain.

 (2) Two angels are made witnesses of the Lord's resurrection.
     (b) In white clothing.

Joh 20:13
20:13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith
      unto them, Because they have taken away {c} my Lord, and I
      know not where they have laid him.

      (c) Mary spoke as the common people used to speak: for
          they spoke of a dead carcass as they did of a living

Joh 20:14
20:14 {3} And when she had thus said, she turned herself back,
      and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.

 (3) Jesus witnesses by his presence that he is truly risen.

Joh 20:17
20:17 {4} Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet
      ascended to my Father: but go to my {d} brethren, and say
      unto them, I ascend unto {e} my Father, and your Father;
      and [to] my God, and your God.

 (4) Christ, who is risen, is not to be sought in this world
     according to the flesh, but in heaven by faith where he has
     gone before us.
     (d) By his brethren he means his disciples, for in the
         following verse it is said that Mary told his
     (e) He calls God his Father because he is naturally his
         Father in the Godhead, and he says "your Father"
         because he is our Father by grace through the adoption
         of the sons of God: that is, by taking us by his free
         grace to be his sons; Epiphanius.

Joh 20:19
20:19 {5} Then the same day at evening, being the first [day] of
      the week, when the {f} doors were shut where the disciples
      were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood
      in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace [be] unto you.

 (5) Christ, in that he presents himself before his disciples
     suddenly through his divine power, when the gates were
     shut, fully assures them both of his resurrection, and also
     of their apostleship, inspiring them with the Holy Spirit
     who is the director of the ministry of the Gospel.
     (f) Either the doors opened to him of their own accord, or
         the very walls themselves were a passage to him.

Joh 20:23
20:23 {6} Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto
      them; [and] whose soever [sins] ye retain, they are

 (6) The publishing of the forgiveness of sins by faith in
     Christ, and the setting forth and proclaiming the wrath of
     God in retaining the sins of the unbelievers, is the sum of
     the preaching of the gospel.

Joh 20:24
20:24 {7} But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not
      with them when Jesus came.

 (7) Christ draws out of the unbelief of Thomas a certain and
     sure testimony of his resurrection.

Joh 20:29
20:29 {8} Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen
      me, thou hast believed: blessed [are] they that have not
      seen, and [yet] have believed.

 (8) True faith depends upon the mouth of God, and not upon the
     eyes of the flesh.

Joh 20:30
20:30 {9} And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence
      of his disciples, which are not written in this book:

 (9) To believe in Christ, the Son of God and our only saviour,
     is the goal of the doctrine of the gospel, and especially
     of the true account of the resurrection.