Job 1:1
1:1 There was a man in the land of {a} Uz, whose name [was] Job;
    and that man was perfect and {b} upright, and {c} one that
    feared God, and eschewed evil.

 The Argument - In this history the example of patience is set
    before our eyes. This holy man Job was not only extremely
    afflicted in outward things and in his body, but also in his
    mind and conscience, by the sharp temptation of his wife and
    friends: who by their vehement words and subtle disputations
    brought him almost to despair. They set forth God as a
    sincere judge, and mortal enemy to him who had cast him off,
    therefore in vain he should seek him for help. These friends
    came to him under pretence of consolation, and yet they
    tormented him more than all his afflictions did. Even so, he
    constantly resisted them, and eventually succeeded. In this
    story we must note that Job maintains a good cause, but
    handles it badly. His adversaries have an evil matter, but
    they defend it craftily. Job held that God did not always
    punish men according to their sins, but that he had secret
    judgments, of which man knew not the cause, and therefore
    man could not reason against God in it, but he should be
    convicted. Moreover, he was assured that God had not
    rejected him, yet through his great torments and afflictions
    he speaks many inconveniences and shows himself as a
    desperate man in many things, and as one that would resist
    God, and this is his good cause which he handles well. Again
    the adversaries maintain with many good arguments that God
    punishes continually according to the trespass, grounding on
    God's providence, his justice and man's sins, yet their
    intention is evil; for they labour to bring Job into
    despair, and so they maintain an evil cause. Ezekiel commends
    Job as a just man, Eze 14:14 and James sets out his
    patience for an example, Jas 5:11.

    (a) That is, of the country of Idumea, La 4:21, or
        bordering on it: for the land was called by the name of
        Uz, the son of Dishan, the son of Seir Ge 36:28.
    (b) Since he was a Gentile and not a Jew and yet is
        pronounced upright and without hypocrisy, it declares
        that among the heathen God revealed himself.
    (c) By this it is declared what is meant by an upright and
        just man.

Job 1:3
1:3 His {d} substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three
    thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five
    hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this
    man was the greatest of all the men of {e} the east.

    (d) His children and riches are declared, to commend his
        virtue in his prosperity and his patience and constancy
        when God took them from him.
    (e) Meaning, the Arabians, Chaldeans, Idumeans etc.

Job 1:5
1:5 And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone
    about, that Job sent and {f} sanctified them, and rose up
    early in the morning, and {g} offered burnt offerings
    [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may
    be that my sons have sinned, and {h} cursed God in their
    hearts. Thus did Job {i} continually.

    (f) That is, commanded them to be sanctified: meaning, that
        they should consider the faults that they had committed,
        and reconcile themselves for the same.
    (g) That is, he offered for each of his children an offering
        of reconciliation, which declared his religion toward
        God, and the care that he had for his children.
    (h) In Hebrew it is, "blessed God", which is sometimes taken
        for blaspheming and cursing, as it is here and in
        1Ki 21:10,13.
    (i) While the feast lasted.

Job 1:6
1:6 Now there was a day when the {k} sons of God came to present
    themselves {l} before the LORD, and Satan {m} came also
    among them.

    (k) Meaning the angels, who are called the sons of God
        because they are willing to execute his will.
    (l) Because our infirmity cannot comprehend God in his
        majesty, he is set forth to us as a King, that our
        capacity may be able to understand that which is spoken
        of him.
    (m) This declares that although Satan is an adversary to
        God, yet he is compelled to obey him, and do him all
        homage, without whose permission and appointment he can
        do nothing.

Job 1:7
1:7 And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence {n} comest thou? Then
    Satan answered the LORD, and said, {o} From going to and fro
    in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

    (n) This question is asked for our infirmity: for God knew
        where he had come from.
    (o) In this is described the nature of Satan, which is
        always seeking his prey, 1Pe 5:8.

Job 1:9
1:9 Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God
    for {p} nought?

    (p) He fears you not for your own sake, but for the blessing
        that he received from you.

Job 1:10
1:10 Hast not thou made {q} an hedge about him, and about his
     house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast
     blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is
     increased in the land.

     (q) Meaning, the grace of God, which served Job as a
         rampart against all temptations.

Job 1:11
1:11 But put forth thine hand now, and {r} touch all that he
     hath, and he will curse thee to {s} thy face.

     (r) This signifies that Satan is not able to touch us, but
         it is God that must do it.
     (s) Satan notes the vice to which men are commonly
         subjected, that is, to hide their rebellion and to be
         content with God in the time of prosperity which view
         is disclosed in the time of their adversity.

Job 1:12
1:12 And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath [is]
     in {t} thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine
     hand. So Satan went forth from the {u} presence of the

     (t) God does not give Satan power over man to gratify him,
         but to declare that he has no power over man, but that
         which God gives him.
     (u) That is, went to execute that which God had permitted
         him to do for else he can never go out of God's

Job 1:15
1:15 And the {x} Sabeans fell [upon them], and took them away;
     yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the
     sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

     (x) That is, the Arabians.

Job 1:16
1:16 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and
     said, The {y} fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath
     burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them;
     and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.

     (y) Which was also done by the craft of Satan, to tempt Job
         even more grievously, so he might see that not only men
         were his enemies, but that God made war against him.

Job 1:18
1:18 While he [was] yet speaking, there came also another, and
     said, Thy {z} sons and thy daughters [were] eating and
     drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:

     (z) This last plague declares that when one plague is past
         which seems hard to bear, God can send us another far
         more grievous, to try his and teach them obedience.

Job 1:20
1:20 Then Job arose, and {a} rent his mantle, and shaved his
     head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,

     (a) Which came not from impatience, but declares that the
         children of God are not insensible like blocks, but
         that in their patience they feel affliction and grief
         of mind: yet they do not rebel against God as the
         wicked do.

Job 1:21
1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked
     shall I return {b} thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD
     hath taken away; {c} blessed be the name of the LORD.

     (b) That is, into the belly of the earth, which is the
         mother of all.
     (c) By this he confesses that God is just and good,
         although his hand is sore on him.

Job 1:22
1:22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God {d} foolishly.

     (d) But declared that God did all things according to
         justice and equity.