Isa 40:1
40:1 Comfort {a} ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.

     (a) This is a consolation for the Church, assuring them
         that they will never be destitute of prophets by which
         he exhorts the true ministers of God that then were,
         and those also that would come after him, to comfort
         the poor afflicted and to assure them of their
         deliverance both of body and soul.

Isa 40:2
40:2 Speak ye kindly to Jerusalem, and cry to her, that her {b}
     warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for
     she hath received from the LORD'S hand {c} double for all
     her sins.

     (b) The time of her affliction.
     (c) Meaning, sufficient as in Isa 61:7 and full
         correction, or double grace, while she deserved double

Isa 40:3
40:3 The {d} voice of him that crieth in the {e} wilderness, (f)
     Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert
     a highway for our God.

     (d) That is, of the prophets.
     (e) That is, in Babylonia and other places, where they were
         kept in captivity and misery.
     (f) Meaning Cyrus and Darius who would deliver God's people
         out of captivity and make them a ready way to

Isa 40:4
40:4 Every valley shall be exalted, and every {g} mountain and
     hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made
     straight, and the rough places plain:

     (g) Whatever may prevent or hinder this deliverance will be

Isa 40:5
40:5 And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all {h}
     flesh together shall see [it]: for the mouth of the LORD
     hath spoken [it].

     (h) This miracle will be so great, that it will be known
         through all the world.

Isa 40:6
40:6 The {i} voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All
     flesh [is] grass, and all its {k} beauty [is] as the flower
     of the field:

     (i) The voice of God which spoke to the prophet Isaiah.
     (k) Meaning, all man's wisdom and natural powers,
         Jas 1:10, 1Pe 1:24.

Isa 40:7
40:7 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: because the {l}
     breath of the LORD bloweth upon it: surely the people [is]

     (l) The spirit of God will discover the vanity in all that
         seems to have any excellency of themselves.

Isa 40:8
40:8 The grass withereth, the flower fadeth: but the {m} word of
     our God shall stand for ever.

     (m) Though considering the frailty of man's nature many of
         the Jews would perish, and so not be partakers of this
         deliverance, yet God's promise would be fulfilled, and
         they who remained, would feel the fruit of it.

Isa 40:9
40:9 O Zion, that bringest good tidings, go up upon the high {n}
     mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up
     thy voice with strength; lift [it] up, be not afraid; say
     to the cities of Judah, Behold {o} your God!

     (n) To publish this benefit through all the world.
     (o) He shows in one word the perfection of all man's
         happiness, which is to have God's presence.

Isa 40:10
40:10 Behold, the Lord GOD will come with strong [hand], and {p}
      his arm shall rule for him: behold, his reward [is] with
      him, and his work before him.

      (p) His power will be sufficient without help of any other,
          and will have all means in himself to bring his will
          to pass.

Isa 40:11
40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather
      the lambs with his arm, and carry [them] in his bosom,
      [and] shall gently lead those that are with {q} young.

      (q) He will show his care and favour over them who are
          weak and tender.

Isa 40:12
40:12 Who hath comprehended the waters in the hollow of his {r}
      hand, and measured heaven with the span, and comprehended
      the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the
      mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?

      (r) Declaring that as only God has all power, so does he
          use the same for the defence and maintenance of his

Isa 40:13
40:13 Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD, or [being] {s}
      his counsellor hath taught him?

      (s) He shows God's infinite wisdom for the same.

Isa 40:17
40:17 All nations before him [are] as {t} nothing; and they are
      counted to him less than nothing, and vanity.

      (t) He speaks all this to the intent that they would
          neither fear man nor put their trust in any, save only
          in God.

Isa 40:18
40:18 To whom then {u} will ye liken God? or what likeness will
      ye compare to him?

      (u) By this he arms them against the idolatry with which
          they would be tempted in Babylon.

Isa 40:20
40:20 He that [is] so {x} impoverished that he hath no oblation
      chooseth a tree [that] will not rot; he seeketh for
      himself a skilful workman to prepare a graven image,
      [that] shall not be moved.

      (x) He shows the rage of the idolaters, seeing that the
          poor who do not have enough to meet their own needs
          will defraud themselves to serve their idols.

Isa 40:21
40:21 Have ye not known? have ye not {y} heard?  hath it not
      been told you from the beginning? have ye not understood
      from the {z} foundations of the earth?

      (y) Do you not have the word of God, which plainly
          condemns idolatry?
      (z) Can you not learn by the visible creatures whom God
          has made for your use, that you should not serve them
          or worship them?

Isa 40:24
40:24 Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be
      sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth:
      and he shall also {a} blow upon them, and they shall
      wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.

      (a) So that his power appears in every place we turn our

Isa 40:26
40:26 Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created
      these [things], that bringeth {b} out their host by
      number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of
      his might, for that [he is] strong in power; not one

      (b) Who has set in order the infinite number of the stars.

Isa 40:27
40:27 Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, {c} My
      way is hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over
      by my God?

      (c) He rebukes the Jews because they did not rest on the
          providence of God, but thought that he had forsaken
          them in their troubles.

Isa 40:28
40:28 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, [that] the
      everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the {d} ends of
      the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? [there is] no
      searching of his {e} understanding.

      (d) And therefore all power is in his hand to deliver when
          his time comes.
      (e) Showing that men must patiently abide, and not
          curiously seek out the cause of God's delay in our

Isa 40:30
40:30 {f} Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the
      young men shall utterly fall:

      (f) They who trust in their own virtue, and do not
          acknowledge that all comes from God.