Heb 10:1
10:1 For {1} the law having a shadow of good things to {a} come,
     [and] not the very image of the things, can never with
     those sacrifices which they offered year by year
     continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

 (1) He prevents a private objection. Why then were those
     sacrifices offered? The apostle answers, first concerning
     the yearly sacrifice which was the solemnest of all, in
     which (he says) there was made every year a remembrance
     again of all former sins. Therefore that sacrifice had no
     power to sanctify: for to what purpose should those sins
     which are purged be repeated again, and why should new sins
     come to be repeated every year, if those sacrifices
     abolished sin?
     (a) Of things which are everlasting, which were promised to
         the fathers, and exhibited in Christ.

Heb 10:5
10:5 {2} Wherefore when he {b} cometh into the world, he saith,
     Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a {c} body
     hast thou prepared me:

 (2) A conclusion following those things that went before, and
     encompassing also the other sacrifices. Seeing that the
     sacrifices of the law could not do it, therefore Christ
     speaking of himself as of our High Priest manifested in the
     flesh, witnesses plainly that God rests not in the
     sacrifices, but in the obedience of his Son our High
     Priest, in whose obedience he offered up himself once to
     his Father for us.
     (b) The Son of God is said to come into the world, when he
         was made man.
     (c) It is word for word in the Hebrew text, "You have
         pierced my ears through" that is, "you have made me
         obedient and willing to hear".

Heb 10:9
10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh
     away the {d} first, that he may establish the second.

     (d) That is, the sacrifices, to establish the second, that
         is, the will of God.

Heb 10:11
10:11 {3} And every priest standeth {e} daily ministering and
      offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never
      take away sins:

 (3) A conclusion, with the other part of the comparison: The
     Levitical high priest repeats the same sacrifices daily in
     his sanctuary: upon which it follows that neither those
     sacrifices, nor those offerings, nor those high priests
     could take away sins. But Christ having offered one
     sacrifice once for the sins of all men, and having
     sanctified his own for ever, sits at the right hand of the
     Father, having all power in his hands.
      (e) At the altar.

Heb 10:13
10:13 {4} From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his

 (4) He prevents a private objection, that is, that yet
     nonetheless we are subject to sin and death, to which the
     apostle answers, that the full effect of Christ's power
     has not yet shown itself, but shall eventually appear when
     he will at once put to flight all his enemies, with whom we
     still struggle.

Heb 10:15
10:15 {5} [Whereof] the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for
      after that he had said before,

 (5) Although there remains in us relics of sin, yet the work of
     our sanctification which is to be perfected, hangs on the
     same sacrifice which never shall be repeated: and that the
     apostle proves by referring again to the testimony of
     Jeremiah, thus: Sin is taken away by the new testament,
     seeing the Lord says that it shall come to pass, that
     according to the form of it, he will no more remember our
     sins: Therefore we need now no purging sacrifice to take
     away that which is already taken away, but we must rather
     take pains, that we may now through faith be partakers of
     that sacrifice.

Heb 10:17
10:17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember {f} no more.

      (f) Why then, where is the fire of purgatory, and that
          popish distinction of the fault, and the punishment?

Heb 10:18
10:18 Now where remission of these [is, there is] no more
      offering for {g} sin.

      (g) He said well, for sin: for there remains another
          offering, that is, of thanksgiving.

Heb 10:19
10:19 {6} Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the
      holiest by the blood of Jesus,

 (6) The sum of the former treatise: We are not shut out from
     the holy place, as the fathers were, but we have an
     entrance into the true holy place (that is, into heaven)
     seeing that we are purged with the blood, not of beasts,
     but of Jesus. Neither as in times past, does the High
     Priest shut us out by setting the veil against us, but
     through the veil, which is his flesh, he has brought us
     into heaven itself, so that we have now truly an High Priest
     who is over the house of God.

Heb 10:20
10:20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us,
      through the veil, that is to say, his {h} flesh;

      (h) So Christ's flesh shows us the Godhead as if it were
          under a veil, For otherwise we could not stand the
          brightness of it.

Heb 10:22
10:22 {7} Let us draw near with a {i} true heart in full
      assurance of faith, having our {k} hearts sprinkled from
      an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with {l} pure

 (7) A most grave exhortation, in which he shows how the
     sacrifice of Christ may be applied to us: that is, by faith
     which also he describes by the consequence, that is, by
     sanctification of the Spirit, which causes us to hope in
     God, and to procure by all means possible one another's
     salvation, through the love that is in us one towards
      (i) With no double and counterfeit heart, but with such a
          heart as is truly and indeed given to God.
      (k) This is it which the Lord says, Be ye holy, for I am
      (l) With the grace of the Holy Spirit.

Heb 10:25
10:25 Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the
      manner of some [is]; but exhorting [one another]: {8} and
      so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

 (8) Having mentioned the last coming of Christ, he stirs up the
     godly to the meditation of a holy life, and cites the
     faithless fallers from God to the fearful judgment seat of
     the Judge, because they wickedly rejected him in whom only
     salvation consists.

Heb 10:26
10:26 For if we sin {m} wilfully after that we have received the
      knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice
      for sins,

      (m) Without any cause or occasion, or show of occasion.

Heb 10:27
10:27 But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery
      indignation, which shall devour the {n} adversaries.

      (n) For it is another matter to sin through the frailty of
          man's nature, and another thing to proclaim war on God
          as on an enemy.

Heb 10:28
10:28 {9} He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under
      two or three witnesses:

 (9) If the breach of the law of Moses was punished by death,
     how much more worthy of death is it to fall away from

Heb 10:30
10:30 {10} For we know him that hath said, Vengeance [belongeth]
      unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The
      Lord shall {o} judge his people.

 (10) The reason of all these things is, because God is a
      revenger of those who despise him: otherwise he could not
      rightly govern his Church. Now there is nothing more
      horrible then the wrath of the living God.
      (o) Rule or govern.

Heb 10:32
10:32 {11} But call to remembrance the former days, in which,
      after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of

 (11) As he terrified the fallers away from God, so does he now
      comfort them that are constant and stand firm, setting
      before them the success of their former fights, so
      stirring them up to a sure hope of a full and ready

Heb 10:33
10:33 Partly, whilst ye were made a {p} gazingstock both by
      reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became
      {q} companions of them that were so used.

      (p) You were brought forth to be shamed.
      (q) In taking their miseries, to be your miseries.

Heb 10:34
10:34 For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully
      the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye
      have in heaven a better and an enduring {r} substance.

      (r) Goods and riches.

Heb 10:37
10:37 For yet a {s} little while, and he that shall come will
      come, and will not tarry.

      (s) He will come within this very little while.

Heb 10:38
10:38 {12} Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man]
      draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.

 (12) He commends the excellency of a sure faith by the effect,
      because it is the only way to life, which sentence he sets
      forth and amplifies by contrast.