Ge 10:1
10:1 {a} Now these [are] the generations of the sons of Noah,
     Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after
     the flood.

     (a) These generations are here recited, partly to declare
         the marvellous increase, and also to set forth their
         great forgetfulness of God's grace towards their

Ge 10:2
10:2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and {b} Madai, and
     Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

     (b) Of Madai and Javan came the Medes and Greeks.

Ge 10:5
10:5 By these were the {c} isles of the Gentiles divided in
     their lands; every one after his tongue, after their
     families, in their nations.

     (c) So do the Jews call all countries which are separated
         from them by sea, as Greece, Italy etc, which were
         given to the children of Japheth, of whom came the

Ge 10:6
10:6 And the sons of Ham; {d} Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and

     (d) Of Cush and Mizraim came the Ethiopians and Egyptians.

Ge 10:8
10:8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a {e} mighty one in
     the earth.

     (e) Meaning, a cruel oppressor and tyrant.

Ge 10:9
10:9 He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is
     said, Even {f} as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.

     (f) His tyranny came into a proverb as hated both by God
         and man: for he did not cease to commit cruelty even in
         God's presence.

Ge 10:10
10:10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and
      Accad, and Calneh, in the land of {g} Shinar.

      (g) For there was another city in Egypt, called Babel.

Ge 10:13
10:13 And Mizraim begat {h} Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and

      (h) Of Lud came the Lydians.

Ge 10:21
10:21 Unto {i} Shem also, the father of all the children of {k}
      Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were
      [children] born.

      (i) In his stock the Church was preserved: therefore Moses
          stops speaking of Japheth and Ham, and speaks of Shem
      (k) Of whom came the Hebrews or Jews.

Ge 10:25
10:25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one [was]
      Peleg; for in his days was the earth {l} divided; and his
      brother's name [was] Joktan.

      (l) This division came by the diversity of language, as
          appears in Ge 11:9.