Da 7:1
7:1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a
    dream and visions of his head upon his bed: {a} then he
    wrote the dream, [and] told the sum of the matters.

    (a) Whereas the people of Israel looked for a continual
        peace, after the seventy years which Jeremiah had
        declared, he shows that this rest will not be a
        deliverance from all troubles, but a beginning.  And
        therefore he encourages them to look for a continual
        affliction until the Messiah is uttered and revealed, by
        whom they would have a spiritual deliverance, and all
        the promises would be fulfilled.  And they would have a
        certain experience of this in the destruction of the
        Babylonian kingdom.

Da 7:2
7:2 Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and,
    behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon {b} the
    great sea.

    (b) Which signified that there wold be horrible troubles and
        afflictions in the world in all corners of the world,
        and at various times.

Da 7:4
7:4 The first [was] like a {c} lion, and had eagle's wings: I
    beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was
    lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a
    man, and a man's heart was given to it.

    (c) Meaning the Assyrian and Chaldean empire, which was most
        strong and fierce in power, and most soon to come to
        their authority, as though they had wings to fly: yet
        their wings were pulled off by the Persians, and they
        went on their feet, and were made like other men, which
        is meant here by man's heart.

Da 7:5
7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a {d} bear, and
    it raised up itself on {e} one side, and [it had] three ribs
    in the {f} mouth of it between the teeth of it: {g} and they
    said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.

    (d) Meaning the Persians who were barbarous and cruel.
    (e) They were small in the beginning, and were shut up in
        the mountains, and had no strength.
    (f) That is, destroyed many kingdoms and whose hunger
        could not be satisfied.
    (g) That is, the angels by God's commandment, who by this
        means punished the ingratitude of the world.

Da 7:6
7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a {h} leopard,
    which had upon the back of it {i} four wings of a fowl; the
    beast had also four heads; and {k} dominion was given to it.

    (h) Meaning Alexander the king of Macedonia.
    (i) That is, his four chief captains, which had the empire
        among them after his death.  Selencus had Asia the
        great, Antigonus the less, Cassander and after him
        Antipater was king of Macedonia, and Ptolemeus had
    (k) It was not of himself nor of his own power that he
        gained all these countries: for his army contained only
        thirty thousand men, and he overcame in one battle
        Darius, who had one million, when he was so heavy with
        sleep that his eyes were hardly open, as the stories
        report: therefore this power was given to him from God.

Da 7:7
7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a {l}
    fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly;
    and it had great {m} iron teeth: it devoured and brake in
    pieces, and stamped {n} the residue with the feet of it: and
    it [was] diverse from all the beasts that [were] before it;
    and it had {o} ten horns.

    (l) That is, the Roman empire which was a monster, and could
        not be compared to any beast, because there was no beast
        that was even comparable.
    (m) Signifying the tyranny and greediness of the Romans.
    (n) That which the Romans could not quietly enjoy in other
        countries, they would give it to other kings and rulers,
        so that whenever they wanted to, they might take it
        again: which liberality is here called the stamping of
        the rest under the feet.
    (o) That is, various and different provinces which were
        governed by the deputies and proconsuls: and each one of
        these might be compared to a king.

Da 7:8
7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among
    them another little {p} horn, before whom there were {q}
    three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and,
    behold, in this horn [were] {r} eyes like the eyes of man,
    and a mouth speaking great things.

    (p) Which is meant of Julius Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius,
        Caligula, Claudius, and Nero, etc., who were as kings in
        effect, but because they could not rule, except by the
        consent of the senate, their power is compared to a
        little horn.  For Muhammad did not come from the Roman
        Empire, and the pope has no vocation of government:
        therefore this cannot be applied to them, and also in
        this prophecy the Prophet's purpose is chiefly to
        comfort the Jews until the revelation of Christ.  Some
        take it for the whole body of antichrist.
    (q) Meaning a certain portion of the ten horns: that is, a
        part from the whole estate was taken away.  For Augustus
        took from the senate the liberty of choosing the
        deputies to send into the provinces, and took the
        governing of certain countries to himself.
    (r) These Roman emperors at the first used a certain
        humanity and gentleness, and were content that others,
        as the consuls, and senate, should bear the names of
        dignity, so that they might have the profit.  And
        therefore in election and counsels they would behave
        themselves according as did other senators: yet against
        their enemies and those that would resist them, they
        were fierce and cruel, which is here meant by the proud

Da 7:9
7:9 I beheld till the {s} thrones were cast down, and the {t}
    Ancient of days did sit, whose garment [was] white as snow,
    and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne [was
    like] the fiery flame, [and] his wheels [as] burning fire.

    (s) Meaning, the places where God and his angels would come
        to judge these monarchies, which judgment would begin at
        the first coming of Christ.
    (t) That is, God who was before all times, and is here
        described in a way such that man's nature is able to
        comprehend some portion of his glory.

Da 7:10
7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him:
     thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand
     {u} times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was
     set, and the {x} books were opened.

     (u) That is, an infinite number of angels, who were ready
         to execute his commandment.
     (x) This is meant of the first coming of Christ, when the
         will of God was plainly revealed by his Gospel.

Da 7:11
7:11 I beheld then {y} because of the voice of the great words
     which the horn spake: I beheld [even] till the beast was
     slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning

     (y) Meaning that he was astonished when he saw these
         emperors in such dignity and pride, so suddenly
         destroyed at the coming of Christ, when this fourth
         monarchy was subject to men of other nations.

Da 7:12
7:12 As {z} concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their
     dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a
     season and time.

     (z) As the three former monarchies had an end at the time
         that God appointed, even though they flourished for a
         time, so will this fourth have an end, and they that
         patiently wait for God's appointment, will enjoy the

Da 7:13
7:13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, {a} [one] like the
     Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and {b} came to
     the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.

     (a) Which is meant of Christ, who had not yet taken upon
         him man's nature, neither was he yet the son of David
         according to the flesh, as he was afterward: but he
         appeared then in a figure, and that in the clouds, that
         is, being separated from the common sort of men by
         manifest signs of his divinity.
     (b) That is, when he ascended into the heavens, and his
         divine majesty appeared, and all power was given to
         him, in respect that he was our mediator.

Da 7:14
7:14 And there was given him {c} dominion, and glory, and a
     kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should
     serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which
     shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not
     be destroyed.

     (c) This is meant of the beginning of Christ's kingdom,
         when God the Father gave unto him all dominion, as the
         the Mediator, with the intent that he would continually
         govern his Church which is here on earth, until the
         time that he brought them to eternal life.

Da 7:15
7:15 I Daniel was {d} grieved in my spirit in the midst of [my]
     body, and the visions of my head troubled me.

     (d) Because of the strangeness of the vision.

Da 7:16
7:16 I came near unto {e} one of them that stood by, and asked
     him the truth of all this. So he told me, and made me know
     the interpretation of the things.

     (e) Meaning one of the angels, as in \\Geneva "Dan 7:10"\\

Da 7:18
7:18 But the saints of the {f} most High shall take the {g}
     kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever
     and ever.

     (f) That is, of the most high things, because God has
         chosen them out of this world, that they should look up
         to the heavens, upon which all their hope depends.
     (g) Because Abraham was appointed heir of all the world,
         Ro 4:13, and in him all the faithful, therefore
         the kingdom of him is theirs by right, which these four
         beasts or tyrants would invade, and usurp until the
         world were restored by Christ.  And this was to
         strengthen and encourage those that were in troubles,
         that their afflictions would eventually have an end.

Da 7:19
7:19 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was
     {h} diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose
     teeth [were of] iron, and his nails [of] brass; [which]
     devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the {i} residue with
     his feet;

     (h) For the other three monarchies were governed by a king,
         and the Roman empire by consuls: the Romans changed
         their governors yearly, and the other monarchies
         retained them for term of life: also the Romans were
         the strongest of all the others, and were never at
         peace among themselves.
     (i) Read Dan 7:7.

Da 7:20
7:20 And of the ten horns that [were] in his head, and [of] the
     other which came up, and before whom three fell; even [of]
     that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great
     things, whose {k} look [was] more stout than his fellows.

     (k) This is meant of the fourth beast, which was more
         terrible than the others.

Da 7:21
7:21 I beheld, and the same {l} horn made war with the saints,
     and prevailed against them;

     (l) Meaning the Roman emperors, who were most cruel against
         the Church of God, both of the Jews and of the

Da 7:22
7:22 Until {m} the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given
     to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the
     saints possessed the kingdom.

     (m) Until God showed his power in the person of Christ, and
         by the preaching of the Gospel gave unto his own some
         rest, and so obtained a famous name in the world, and
         were called the Church of God, or the kingdom of God.

Da 7:24
7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom [are] ten kings
     [that] shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and
     he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue {n}
     three kings.

     (n) \\Read Geneva "Dan 7:8"\\

Da 7:25
7:25 And he shall speak [great] words against {o} the most High,
     and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think
     to {p} change times and laws: and they shall be given into
     his hand until a {q} time and times and the dividing of

     (o) That is, will make wicked decrees and proclamations
         against God's word, and send throughout all their
         dominion, to destroy all that did profess it.
     (p) These emperors will not consider that they have their
         power from God, but think it is in their own power to
         change God's laws and man's, and as it were the order
         of nature, as appears by Octavius, Tiberius, Calligula,
         Nero, Domitianus, etc.
     (q) God will allow them to rage in this way against his
         saints for a long time, the time and times, but at
         length he will soften these troubles, and shorten the
         time for his elect's sake, Mt 24:22, which is
         here meant by the dividing of time.

Da 7:26
7:26 But the {r} judgment shall sit, and they shall take away
     his dominion, to consume and to destroy [it] unto the end.

     (r) God by his power will restore things that were out of
         order, and destroy this little horn in such a way that
         it will never rise up again.

Da 7:27
7:27 And the {s} kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the
     kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the
     people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom [is]
     an everlasting kingdom, and all {t} dominions shall serve
     and obey him.

     (s) He shows why the beast would be destroyed, that is, so
         that his Church might have rest and quietness, which
         though they do not fully enjoy here, yet they have it
         in hope, and by the preaching of the Gospel enjoy the
         beginning of it, which is meant by these words, "under
         the whole heaven".  And therefore he speaks here of the
         beginning of Christ's kingdom in this world, which
         kingdom the faithful have by the participation that
         they have with Christ their head.
     (t) That is, some of every type that rule.

Da 7:28
7:28 Hitherto [is] the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my
     {u} cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance
     changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.

     (u) Even though he had many motions in his heart which
         moved him to and fro to seek out this matter curiously,
         yet he was content with that which God revealed, and
         kept it in memory, and wrote it for the use of the