Ac 7:1
7:1 Then {1} said the high priest, Are these things so?

    (1) Steven is allowed to plead his cause, but for this
        reason and purpose, that under a disguise and pretence
        of the Law he might be condemned.

Ac 7:2
7:2 {2} And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The
    God of {a} glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he
    was in {b} Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran,

 (2) Steven witnesses to the Jews that he acknowledges the true
     fathers, and the only true God, and more than this shows
     this that these are more ancient than the temple and all
     the temple service appointed by the Law, and therefore they
     ought to lay another foundation of true religion, that is
     to say, the free covenant that God made with the fathers.
     (a) The mighty God full of glory and majesty.
     (b) When he says afterwards in Ac 7:4 that Abraham
         came out of Chaldea, it is evident that Mesopotamia
         contained Chaldea which was near to it, and bordered
         upon it; and so writes Plinius, book 6, chap. 27.

Ac 7:5
7:5 And he gave him none inheritance in it, no, not [so much as]
    to {c} set his foot on: yet he {d} promised that he would
    give it to him for a possession, and to his seed after him,
    when [as yet] he had no child.

     (c) Not enough ground to even set his foot upon.
     (d) The promise of the possession was certain, and belonged
         to Abraham, though it was his posterity that enjoyed it
         a great while after his death: and this is the figure
         of speech synecdoche.

Ac 7:6
7:6 And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in
    a strange land; and that they should bring them into
    bondage, and entreat [them] evil {e} four hundred years.

     (e) Four hundred years are counted from the beginning of
         Abraham's progeny, which was at the birth of Isaac: and
         four hundred and thirty years which are spoken of by
         Paul in Ga 3:17, from the time that Abraham and
         his father departed together out of Ur of the

Ac 7:9
7:9 {3} And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into
    Egypt: but God was {f} with him,

 (3) Steven diligently recounts the horrible misdeeds of some of
     the fathers, to teach the Jews that they ought not rashly
     to rest in the authority or examples of the fathers.
     (f) By these words are meant the peculiar favour that God
         shows men: for he seems to be away from those whom he
         does not help: and on the other hand, he is with those
         whom he delivers out of troubles, no matter how great
         the troubles may be.

Ac 7:10
7:10 And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him
     {g} favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of
     Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his

     (g) Gave him favour in Pharaoh's sight because of his

Ac 7:16
7:16 And were {h} carried over into Sychem, and laid in the
     sepulchre that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the
     sons of Emmor [the father] of Sychem.

     (h) The patriarchs who were the sons of Jacob, though only
         Joseph is mentioned; Jos 24:32.

Ac 7:19
7:19 The same {i} dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil
     entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young
     children, to the end they might not live.

      (i) He devised a subtle plan against our stock, in that he
          commanded all the males to be cast out.

Ac 7:20
7:20 In which time Moses was born, and was {k} exceeding fair,
     and nourished up in his father's house three months:

      (k) This child was born through God's merciful goodness
          and favour, to be of a lovely and fair countenance.

Ac 7:30
7:30 And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in
     the wilderness of mount Sina an {l} angel of the Lord in a
     flame of fire in a bush.

      (l) Now, he calls the Son of God an angel, for he is the
          angel of great counsel, and therefore immediately
          after he describes him as saying to Moses, "I am the
          God of thy fathers, etc."

Ac 7:35
7:35 This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler
     and a judge?  the same did God send [to be] a ruler and a
     deliverer by the {m} hand of the angel which appeared to
     him in the bush.

      (m) By the power.

Ac 7:37
7:37 {4} This is that Moses, which said unto the children of
     Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you
     of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear.

 (4) He acknowledges Moses as the Lawgiver, but in such a way
     that he proves by his own witness that the Law had respect
     to a more perfect thing, that is to say, to the prophetical
     office which accompanied Christ, the head of all Prophets.

Ac 7:41
7:41 And they made a {n} calf in those days, and offered
     sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their
     own hands.

      (n) This was the superstition of the Egyptian's idolatry:
          for they worshipped Apis, a strange and marvellous
          looking calf, and made beautiful images of cows.

Ac 7:42
7:42 Then God turned, and {o} gave them up to worship the {p}
     host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the
     prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain
     beasts and sacrifices [by the space of] forty years in the

      (o) Being destitute and void of his Spirit, he gave them
          up to Satan, and wicked lusts, to worship stars.
      (p) By "the host of heaven" here he does not mean the
          angels, but the moon, and sun, and other stars.

Ac 7:43
7:43 Yea, ye {q} took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star
     of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them:
     and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

      (q) You took it upon your shoulders and carried it.

Ac 7:44
7:44 {5} Our fathers had the tabernacle of {r} witness in the
     wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that
     he should make it according to the fashion that he had

 (5) Moses indeed erected a tabernacle, but that was to call
     them back to the one whom he had seen on the mountain.
     (r) That is, of the covenant.

Ac 7:45
7:45 Which also our fathers that came after {s} brought in with
     Jesus into the {t} possession of the Gentiles, whom God
     drave out {u} before the face of our fathers, unto the days
     of David;

     (s) Delivered from hand to hand.
     (t) This is said using the figure of speech metonymy, and
         refers to the countries which the Gentiles possessed.
     (u) God drove them out that they should yield up the
         possession of those countries to our fathers when they
         entered into the land.

Ac 7:47
7:47 {6} But Solomon built him an house.

 (6) Solomon built a temple according to God's commandment, but
     not under any condition that the majesty of God should be
     enclosed within it.

Ac 7:51
7:51 {7} Ye stiffnecked and {x} uncircumcised in heart and ears,
     ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers [did],
     so [do] ye.

 (7) Steven, moved with the zeal of God, at length judges his
     own judges.
     (x) They are of uncircumcised hearts who still lie drowned
         in the sins of nature, and are stuck fast in them: for
         otherwise all the Jews were circumcised with regard to
         the flesh, and therefore there are two kinds of
         circumcision; Ro 2:28-29.

Ac 7:53
7:53 Who have received the law by the {y} disposition of angels,
     and have not kept [it].

     (y) By the ministry of angels.

Ac 7:54
7:54 {8} When they heard these things, they were cut to the
     heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth.

 (8) The more Satan is pressed, the more he breaks out into an
     open rage.

Ac 7:55
7:55 {9} But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up
     stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus
     {z} standing on the right hand of God,

 (9) The nearer that martyrs approach to death, the nearer that
     they rise up, even into heaven, as they behold Christ.
     (z) Ready to affirm him in the confession of the truth,
         and to receive him unto himself.

Ac 7:57
7:57 {10} Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped
     their ears, and {a} ran upon him with one accord,

 (10) The zeal of hypocrites and superstitious people eventually
      breaks out into a most open madness.
      (a) This was done in a rage and fury, for at that time the
          Jews could put no man to death by law, as they
          confessed before Pilate saying that it was no lawful
          for them to put any man to death, and therefore it is
          reported by Josephus that Ananus, a Sadducee, slew
          James the brother of the Lord, and for so doing was
          accused before Albinus, the president of the country;
          lib. 20.

Ac 7:58
7:58 And cast [him] out of the city, and stoned [him]: and the
     {b} witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's
     feet, whose name was Saul.

     (b) It was appointed by the Law that the witnesses should
         cast the first stones; De 17:7.

Ac 7:60
7:60 {11} And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice,
     Lord, {c} lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had
     said this, he {d} fell asleep.

 (11) Faith and charity never forsake the true servants of God,
      even to the last breath.
      (c) The word which he uses here refers to a type of
          imputing or laying to one's charge that remains firm
          and steady forever, never to be remitted.
      (d) See 1Th 4:13.