1Th 5:1
5:1 But {1} of the times and the {a} seasons, brethren, ye have
    no need that I write unto you.

 (1) The day that God has appointed for this judgment we do not
     know.  But this is sure, that it will come upon men when
     they are not expecting it.
     (a) See Ac 1:7.

1Th 5:4
5:4 {2} But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day
    should overtake you as a thief.

 (2) Returning to exhortations, he warns us who are enlightened
     with the knowledge of God, that it is our duty not to live
     securely in pleasures, lest we be suddenly taken in a dead
     sleep in pleasures.  But contrary to this we are to have an
     eye to the Lord, and not allow ourselves to be oppressed
     with the cares of this world, for pleasures are fitting for
     the darkness of the night, and having an eye to the Lord is
     fitting for the light.

1Th 5:8
5:8 {3} But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the
    breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope
    of salvation.

 (3) We must fight with faith and hope, and therefore we should
     certainly not lie snoring.

1Th 5:9
5:9 {4} For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain
    salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

 (4) He urges us forward by setting a most certain hope of
     victory before us.

1Th 5:10
5:10 {5} Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we
     should live together with him.

 (5) The death of Christ is a pledge of our victory, for he died
     so that we might be partakers of his life of power, indeed
     even while we live here.

1Th 5:11
5:11 {6} Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one
     another, even as also ye do.

 (6) We must not only watch ourselves, but we are also bound to
     stir up, and to strengthen and encourage one another.

1Th 5:12
5:12 {7} And we beseech you, brethren, to {b} know them which
     labour among you, and are over you in the {c} Lord, and
     admonish you;

 (7) We must have consideration of those who are appointed to
     the ministry of the word, and the government of the church
     of God, and who do their duty.
     (b) That you acknowledge and take them for such as they
         are, that is to say, men worthy to be greatly esteemed
         of among you.
     (c) In those things which pertain to God's service: so is
         the ecclesiastical function distinguished from civil
         authority, and true shepherds from wolves.

1Th 5:13
5:13 And to esteem them very highly in love for {d} their work's
     sake.  {8} [And] be at peace among yourselves.

     (d) So then, when this reason ceases, then must the honour
 (8) The maintenance of mutual harmony, is to be especially

1Th 5:14
5:14 {9} Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are {e}
     unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be
     patient toward all [men].

 (9) We must have consideration of every man, and the remedy
     must be applied according to the disease.
     (e) That keep not their rank or standing.

1Th 5:15
5:15 {10} See that none render evil for evil unto any [man]; but
     ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and
     to all [men].

 (10) Charity ought not to be overcome by any injuries.

1Th 5:16
5:16 {11} Rejoice evermore.

 (11) A quiet and appeased mind is nourished with continual
      prayers, giving regard to the will of God.

1Th 5:18
5:18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the {f} will of God
     in Christ Jesus concerning you.

     (f) An acceptable thing to God, and such as he approves
         well of.

1Th 5:19
5:19 {12} Quench not the Spirit.

 (12) The sparks of the Spirit of God that are kindled in us,
      are nourished by daily hearing the word of God: but true
      doctrine must be diligently distinguished from false.

1Th 5:20
5:20 Despise not {g} prophesyings.

     (g) The explaining and interpreting of the word of God.

1Th 5:22
5:22 {13} Abstain from all {h} appearance of evil.

 (13) A general conclusion, that we waiting for the coming of
      Christ, do give ourselves to pureness in mind, will, and
      body, through the grace and strength of the Spirit of God.
      (h) Whatever has but the very show of evil, abstain from

1Th 5:23
5:23 And the very God of peace {i} sanctify you wholly; and [I
     pray God] your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved
     blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

     (i) Separate you from the world, and make you holy to
         himself through his Spirit, in Christ, in whom alone
         you will attain to that true peace.

1Th 5:24
5:24 {14} {k} Faithful [is] he that calleth you, who also will
     {l} do [it].

 (14) The good will and power of God is a sure strengthening and
      encouragement against all difficulties, of which we have a
      sure witness in our calling.
      (k) Always one, and ever like himself, who indeed performs
          whatever he promises.  And an effectual calling is
          nothing else but a right declaring and true setting
          forth of God's will: and therefore the salvation of
          the elect, is safe and sure.
      (l) Who will also make you perfect.

1Th 5:25
5:25 {15} Brethren, pray for us.

 (15) The last part of the epistle, in which with most
      authoritative charge he commends both himself and this
      epistle to them.