1Pe 5:1
5:1 The {1} elders which are among you {2} I exhort, who am also
    an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and
    also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:

 (1) He describes peculiarly the office of the Elders, that is
     to say, of them that have the care of the Church.
 (2) He uses a preface concerning the circumstance of his own
     person: that is, that he as their companion communes with
     them not of manners which he knows not, but in which he is
     as well experienced as any, and propounds to them no other
     condition but that which he himself has sustained before
     them, and still takes the same trouble, and also has the
     same hope together with them.

1Pe 5:2
5:2 {3} {a} Feed the {4} flock of God which is {5} among you,
    {6} taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but
    willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

 (3) The first rule: he that is a shepherd let him feed the

 (4) The second: Let not shepherd consider, that the flock is
     not his, but Gods.
 (5) The third: Let not shepherds invade other men's flocks, but
     let them feed that which God hath committed unto them.
 (6) Let the shepherds govern the Church with the word and
     example of godly and unblamable life, not by force but
     willingly, not for greedy gain, but with a ready mind, not
     as lords over God's portion and heritage, but as his

1Pe 5:3
5:3 Neither as being lords over [God's] {b} heritage, but being
    ensamples to the flock.

    (b) Which is the Christian people.

1Pe 5:4
5:4 {7} And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall
    receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

 (7) That the shepherds' minds are not overcome either with the
     wickedness of men, or their cruelty, he warns them to
     continually look at the chief shepherd, and the crown which
     is laid up for them in heaven.

1Pe 5:5
5:5 {8} Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder.
    Yea, all [of you] be subject one to another, and be clothed
    with humility: {9} for God resisteth the proud, and giveth
    grace to the humble.

 (8) He commends many peculiar Christian virtues, and especially
     modesty: an admonition all of us need, but especially the
     younger ones by reason of the perverseness and pride of
     that age.
 (9) Because pride seems to many to be the way to the glory of
     this life, the apostle testifies to the opposite, that
     dishonour and shame is the reward of pride, and glory the
     reward of modesty.

1Pe 5:6
5:6 Humble yourselves therefore {10} under the mighty hand of
    God, that he may exalt you in due time:

 (10) Because those proud and lofty spirits threaten the modest
      and humble, the apostle warns us to set the power of God
      against the vanity of proud men, and to rely completely on
      his providence.

1Pe 5:8
5:8 {11} Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the
    devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may

 (11) The cruelty of Satan, who seeks by all means to devour us,
      is overcome by watchfulness and faith.

1Pe 5:9
5:9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, {12} knowing that the
    same afflictions are accomplished in your {c} brethren that
    are in the world.

 (12) The persecutions which Satan stirs up, are neither new nor
      proper to any one man, but from old and ancient times
      common to the whole Church, and therefore we must suffer
      patiently, in which we have such and so many fellows of
      our conflicts and combats.
    (c) Amongst your brethren which are dispersed throughout the

1Pe 5:10
5:10 {13} But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his
     eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered
     a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle

 (13) He seals up as with a seal the former exhortation with a
      solemn prayer, again willing them to ask increase of
      strength at his hands, of whom they had the beginning, and
      hope to have the accomplishment: that is, of God the
      Father in Christ Jesus, in whom we are sure of the glory
      of eternal life.

1Pe 5:12
5:12 {14} By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I
     suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying
     that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.

 (14) Continuance and perseverance in the doctrine of the
      apostles is the only ground and foundation of Christian
      strength: Now the sum of the apostles doctrine, is
      salvation freely given by God.

1Pe 5:13
5:13 {15} The [church that is] at {d} Babylon, elected together
     with [you], saluteth you; and [so doth] Marcus my son.

 (15) Familiar salutations.
     (d) In that famous city of Assyria, where Peter the apostle
         of circumcision then was.