Victorinus (4), St., of Pettau, bishop and
martyr. He was apparently a Greek by
birth, and (according to the repeated statement
of Cassiodorus) a rhetorician before he
became bp. of Pettau (Petavio) in Upper
Pannonia. He is believed to have suffered
martyrdom in Diocletian's persecution.
St. Jerome (our chief authority concerning
him) mentions him several times, and with
respect even where his criticisms are adverse.
He enumerates, among his works (Catal. Script.
Eccl. 74) commentaries on Gen., Ex., Lev.,
Is., Ezek., Hab., Eccles., Cant., Matt., and
Rev., besides a treatise "adversus omnes
haereses." Jerome occasionally cites the opinion
of Victorinus (in Eccles. iv. 13; in Ezech.
xxvi. and elsewhere), but considered him to
have been affected by the opinions of the
Chiliasts or Millenarians (see Catal. Script.
18, and in Ezech. l.c.). He also states that he
borrowed extensively from Origen. In consequence,
perhaps, of his Millennarian tendencies,
or of his relations to Origen, his works
were classed as "apocrypha" in the Decretum
de Libris Recipiendis, which Baronius (ad ann.
303) erroneously refers to a synod held under
Gelasius. Little or nothing is left—nothing;
indeed, which can be said to be his with any
certainty. Poems are attributed to him with
no authority better than that of Bede; while
the two lines Bede quotes as his were clearly
written by some one with a tolerable knowledge of Latin.