Titus, bishop of Bostra
Titus (2), bp. of Bostra in Arabia Auranitis, c. 362–371, of very
high repute for learning and eloquence. He is named by Jerome among the many distinguished
Christian writers of great secular erudition and knowledge of Holy Scripture (Hieron.
Ep. 70 ). Jerome mentions his works, dwelling especially on three written
against the Manicheans (Hieron. de Vir. Ill. c. 102). He is also enumerated
by Sozomen (H. E. iii. 14, ad fin.) with Eusebius of Emesa, Basil
of Ancyra, Cyril of Jerusalem, and others, as writers of the highest celebrity,
whose learning is proved by the many remarkable writings they left. The appearance
of Titus in such company, and his being distinctly reckoned among the Acacians by
Socrates (H. E. iii. 25), makes his orthodoxy doubtful. He is chiefly known
to us from the attempt made by the emperor Julian to induce the citizens of Bostra
to expel him as a calumniator of their city. The pagan inhabitants made the authoritative
revival of their cult by Julian the signal for organized attacks on their Christian
fellow-citizens. The Christians retaliated. Julian, choosing to assume that the
Christians were responsible for these disturbances, threatened to call Titus and
the city clergy to judicial account if any fresh outbreak occurred (Soz. H. E.
v. 15). Titus replied that though the Christian population exceeded the heathen
in numbers, in obedience to his admonitions they had remained
under severe provocations and there was no fear of the peace of the city being disturbed
by them (ib.). Julian then issued a rescript to the citizens of Bostra, Aug.
1, 362, charging Titus with calumniating them by his representations that they only
abstained from violence in obedience to his monitions, and calling upon them to
drive him out of their city as a public enemy (Julian Imp. Ep. 52, p. 437).
The death of Julian found Titus still bp. of Bostra (Rendell, Emperor Julian,
pp. 188, 222). On the accession of Jovian, Titus is enumerated by Socrates (H.
E. iii. 25) as a member of the Acacian party. According to Jerome, he died in
the reign of Valens, c. 370. Of his works (Soz. H. E. iii. 14) we
have only very scanty remains. Of that against the Manichees in four books ("fortes
libros," l.c.) commended by Jerome and referred to by Epiphanius (Haer.
lxvi. c. 21) and Theodoret (Haer. Fab. lib. i. c. 26), three books exist
in MS. in the library of the Johanneum at Hamburg. Tillem. Mém. eccl. vii.
385; Ceill. Aut. eccl. vi. 43 ff.; Cave, Hist. Lit. i. 228; Migne,
Patr. Gk. xviii. 1069 ff.; Fabr. Bibl. Graec. vi. 748, viii. 684,
ix. 320; Clinton, Fasti Rom. No. 141.