Theognostus, a priest of Alexandria
Theognostus (1), a priest of Alexandria and a writer of about the middle
of cent. iii., whom we only know from quotations in St. Athanasius and Photius.
He composed a work called Hypotyposes in seven books, still extant when Photius
wrote (Cod. 106). He used language in bk. ii. of very Arian sound, speaking
of the Son as a creature, and in bk. iii. of the Holy Ghost in a style as little
orthodox as that of Origen. In bk. v. he attributed bodies to angels and devils.
In bks. vi. and vii. he discussed the doctrine of the Incarnation in a more orthodox
manner than in bk. ii. Yet St. Athanasius regarded him as a useful witness against
Arianism. Philip of Side says that he presided over the school of Alexandria after
Pierius a.d. 282 (cf. Dodwell, Dissert. in Irenaeum, p. 488). The fragments
of Theognostus are collected in Routh's Reliq. Sac. t. iii. 407–422, and
trans. in Ante-Nic. Lib. Cf. Migne, Patr. Gk. t. x. col. 235–242;
Ceill. ii. 450; Athan. Ep. 4 ad Serap., de Decretis Nic. Syn.