Pomponia Graecina, one of the earliest and most distinguished Roman
converts. Tacitus (Annals, xiii. 32) tells us, referring to
a.d. 57 or 58, that
Pomponia Graecina, a distinguished lady, wife of the Plautius who returned from
Britain with an ovation, was accused of some foreign superstition and handed
over to her husband's judicial decision. Following ancient precedent, he heard
his wife's cause in the presence of kinsfolk, involving, as it did, her legal
status and character, and reported that she was innocent. She lived a long life
of unbroken melancholy. After the murder of Julia, Drusus's daughter, by Messalina's
treachery, for 40 years she wore only the attire of a mourner. For this, during
Claudius's reign, she escaped unpunished, and it was afterwards counted a glory
to her. This is the only notice of her in ancient literature. She came into
prominence through De Rossi's discoveries in the catacomb of Callistus (Roma
Sotterranea, ii. 360–364). De Rossi identified her with St. Lucina (of.
Aubé, Hist. des perséc. t. i. p 180). Cf. for other notices Brownlow
and Northcote's Roma Sott. t. i. pp. 82, 83, 278–282. De Rossi (op.
cit. t. i. pp. 306–351) discusses the crypt and family of St. Lucina at
great length (cf. also his Bullettino di Archeol. Crist. passim).