Photius, bp. of Tyre
Photius, bp. of Tyre, and metropolitan, elected on the deposition
of Irenaeus, Sept. 9, 448. He is unfavourably known for cowardly tergiversation
in the case of IBAS
of Edessa. Under the powerful influence of Uranius of Himera, he and his fellow-judges
first acquitted Ibas at Tyre and Berytus, and the next year at the "Robber Synod"
of Ephesus zealously joined in his condemnation (Martin, Le Brigandage d’Ephèse,
pp 118–120, 181). At the same synod he accused Acylinus, bp. of Byblos, of Nestorianism
and with refusing to appear before him and Domnus, the real ground of offence
being manifestly that he had been appointed by Irenaeus. On Photius's statement
alone Acylinus was at once deposed. Photius at the same time undertook to clear
Phoenicia of all clergy tainted with Nestorianism (Martin, u.s. p. 183;
Actes du brigandage, pp. 86–89). With easy versatility Photius took his
place among the orthodox prelates at Chalcedon, regularly voted on the right
side, signed the decisions of the council, voted for the restoration of Theodoret
to his bishopric, presented a résumé of the proceedings at Berytus favourable
to Ibas, and signed the 28th canon conferring on Constantinople the same primacy,
πρησβεῖα, as that enjoyed by Rome (Labbe, iv. 79, 328, 373, 623, 635, 803).
At the same time, after presenting a petition to Marcian (ib. 541), he
obtained a settlement of the controversy between himself and Eustathius of Berytus
as to metropolitical jurisdiction, in favour of the ancient rights of the see
of Tyre, together with a reversal of Eustathius's act of deposition of the bishops
ordained by Photius, within the district claimed by the former (ib. 542–546;
Canon. Chalc. 29). Photius was no longer bp. of Tyre in 457, when Dorotheus
replied to the encyclical of the emperor Leo. Labbe, iv. 921; Cave, Hist.
Lit. i. 443; Ceillier, Aut. eccl. xiv. 271, etc.; Tillem. Mém.
eccl. vol. xv. index; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. x. 678; Le Quien, Or.
Christ. ii. 808).