Paulinianus, younger brother of Jerome. He was still young in 385 ("adolescens,"
Hieron. c. Rut. iii. 22) when he left Rome with his brother and their friend
Vincentius, and he was under 30 when ordained in 394 (Hieron. adv. Joan. Hier.
§ 8). He shared his brother's journeys in Palestine and settled with him in Bethlehem,
where he probably remained to the end of his life. He was modest, only desiring
to help his brother in the monastery. But Epiphanius, coming to Jerusalem in 394,
and finding (or rather promoting) a schism between the monasteries of Bethlehem
and bp. John of Jerusalem, took him to the monastery which he had founded at Ad,
and there, against the protests and even resistance of Paulinian, ordained him priest.
(See in Hieron. Ep. li. 1, ed. Vall. the trans. of Epiphanius's explanatory
letter to John of Jerusalem.) Paulinian may perhaps have acted as presbyter in the
monasteries for a time, but he felt it prudent during the vehement controversy which
sprang up between Jerome and bp. John of Jerusalem to go to Epiphanius in Cyprus.
Jerome declares (contra Joannem § 41) that his brother was in Cyprus.