Eusebius, bishop of Pelusium
Eusebius (71), bp. of Pelusium, between Ammonius and Georgius. He was
present at the council of Ephesus in 431 (Mansi, iv. 1127
D; v. 615
C). His contemporary Isidore, abbat
of Pelusiurn, depicts him in the darkest colours, as a man of some taste and some
ability, an "agreeable" preacher (Ep. i. 112; cf. v. 301), but hot-tempered
(v. 196; cf. iii. 44) and easily swayed by men worse than himself (ii. 127; v.
451); his hands were not clear of simoniacal gain, which he employed in building
a splendid church (i. 37; ii. 246); he "entrusted the flock to dogs, wolves, foxes"
(v. 147), "the monasteries to herdsmen and runaway slaves" (i. 262); he was forgetful
of the poor, and inaccessible to remonstrance (iii. 260). His confidants were
Lucius the archdeacon, who was said to take money for ordinations (i. 29); Zosimus
a priest, who disgraced his grey hairs by vices (i. 140; ii. 75, 205, etc.) and
retained contributions meant for the poor (v. 210); and three deacons, Eustathius,
Anatolius, and Maron (i. 223; ii. 28, 29, etc.), with whom Gotthius (ii. 10),
Simon, and Chaeremon (v. 48, 373) are associated. The greediness of those who
administered the church property was insatiable (v. 79). The offences of these
men, or of some of them, were so gross that men cried out against them as effective
advocates of Epicureanism (ii, 153, 230), and Isidore had to tell his correspondents
that he had done his best (as, indeed, many of his letters shew, e.g. i.
140, 436; ii. 28, 39, etc.) to reclaim the offenders, but that the physician could
not compel the patient to follow his advice, that "God the Word Himself" could
not save Judas (iv. 205.) that a good man should not soil his lips by denouncing
their conduct (iii. 229; v. 116), and that nothing remained but to pray for their
conversion (v. 2, 105, etc.), and in the meantime to distinguish between the man
and the office (ii. 52), and to remember that the unworthiness of the minister
hindered not the effect of the sacraments (ii. 32). But the fullest account of
the misgovernment of the church of Pelusium is given in the story of Martinianus
(ii. 127), whom Eusebius had ordained, and made "oeconomus" or church steward.
He played the knave and tyrant, treated the bishops as his tool, was more than
once in peril of his life from the indignation of the citizens, went to Alexandria,
was menaced by archbp. Cyril with excommunication, but returned and imputed to
Cyril himself a participation in simony. Such things induced many to leave Pelusium
in disgust; "the altar lacked ministers" (i. 38); a pious deacon, such as Eutonius,
was oppressed by Zosimus (ii. 131) and attacked by the whole clergy, to some extent
out of subserviency to the bishop (v. 564). Eusebius is not mentioned among the
Fathers of the council of Chalcedon in 451. In 457 he and Peter, bp. of Majuma,
assisted at the ordination of Timotheus Aelurus to the see of Alexandria (Evagr.
H. E. ii. 8), and those who were parties to that proceeding are stated
by Theodorus Lector (H. E. i. 9) to have been deposed bishops. The epistle
of the Egyptian bishops to Anatolius (Cod. Encyc. in Mansi, vii. 533
A) represents the two bishops (here
unnamed) who ordained Timotheus as having no communion with the Catholic church.
Le Quien, Or. Chr. ii. 533; Tillem. Mém. xv. 747, 748, 782-788.