Dorotheus (7), bp. of Martianopolis
Dorotheus (7), bp. of Martianopolis in Moesia Secunda, and metropolitan;
a zealous supporter of the doctrines of Nesturios, and a determined enemy of the
title θεοτόκος. Preaching in Constantinople
not long before the council of Ephesus, he declared that "if any one asserted that
Mary was the mother of God he was anathema" (Ep. Cyrill. ap. Baluz. Concil.
col. 402). He attended that council, a.d.
431, signing the appeal to the emperor against the dominant party (Baluz. 701),
and joining in the documents warning the clergy and people of Hierapolis and Constantinople
against the errors of Cyril, and announcing Cyril's excommunication (ib.
706, 725). He was deposed and excommunicated by Cyril and his friends. This deposition
being confirmed by the imperial power, he was ordered by Maximinian's synod at Constantinople
to be ejected from his city and throne. His influence, however, with his people
was so great that they refused to receive his successor Secundianus, and drove him
from the city (Ep. Doroth. ad Cyrill. Baluz. 750), whereupon Dorotheus was
banished by the emperor to Caesarea in Cappadocia. Two letters of his to John of
Antioch are preserved in the Synodicon (Nos. 78, 115; Baluz. 781, 816), expressing
his anxiety at Paul's setting out to Egypt and his distress at hearing that terms
had been come to with Cyril, and a third (No. 137; Baluz. 840) to Alexander of Hierapolis
and Theodoret, proposing a joint appeal to the emperor.