Basilius of Ancyra, a presbyter
Basilius of Ancyra, a presbyter who became a martyr under Julian
a.d.362. During the reign of Constantius
he had been an uncompromising opponent of Arianism. He was more than once apprehended
by the provincial governors, but recovered his liberty. The Arian council under
Eudoxius at Constantinople in 360 forbade him to hold any ecclesiastical assembly.
The zeal of Basil was still further quickened by the attempts of Julian to suppress
Christianity. Sozomen tells us
116that he visited the whole of the adjacent district, entreating the
Christians everywhere to be constant to the faith and not to pollute themselves
with sacrifices to idols (Soz. H. E. v. 11). He was apprehended and put to
the torture. On the arrival of Julian at Ancyra, Basil was presented to him, and
after having reproached the emperor with his apostasy was further tortured. Basil's
constancy remained unshaken, and after a second interview with Julian, in which
he treated the emperor with the greatest contumely, he suffered death by red-hot
irons on June 29 (Soz. H. E. v. 11; Ruinart, Act. Sinc. Martyr. pp.
559 seq.; Tillemont, vii. 375 seq.).